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Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 24565
  Title Brief, cooperative peer-instruction sessions during lectures enhance student recall and comprehension
URL https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5067127/
Journal J Chiropr Educ. 2016 Oct;30(2):87-93
Author(s)
Subject(s)
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
Abstract/Notes

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the academic impact of cooperative peer instruction during lecture pauses in an immunology/endocrinology course.

Methods: Third-quarter students participated across iterations of the course. Each class offered 20 lectures of 50 minutes each. Classes were divided into a peer-instruction group incorporating cooperative peer instruction and a control group receiving traditional lectures. Peer-instruction group lectures were divided into 2–3 short presentations followed by a multiple-choice question (MCQ). Students recorded an initial answer and then had 1 minute to discuss answers with group peers. Following this, students could submit a revised answer. The control group received the same lecture material, but without MCQs or peer discussions. Final-exam scores were compared across study groups. A mixed-design analysis of covariance was used to analyze the data.

Results: There was a statistically significant main effect for the peer-instruction activity (F(1, 93) = 6.573, p = .012, r = .257), with recall scores higher for MCQs asked after peer-instruction activities than for those asked before peer instruction. Final-exam scores at the end of term were greater in the peer-instruction group than the control group (F(1, 193) = 9.264, p = .003, r = .214; question type, F(1, 193) = 26.671, p = .000, r = .348).

Conclusion: Lectures with peer-instruction pauses increase student recall and comprehension compared with traditional lectures.

Author keywords: Active Learning, Chiropractic, Education, Teaching

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher. Click on the above link for free full text.


 

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