ChiroSH (Chiropractic Subject Headings) is a controlled vocabulary created by members of the Chiropractic Library Collaboration, an organization affiliated with the Association of Chiropractic Colleges. ChiroSH is used by the Index to Chiropractic Literature’s indexers, and by catalogers in health sciences libraries. This online version (under development) is an innovation we hope will be widely used by students, chiropractors and researchers. The first edition of ChiroSH was released in 1984 and the seventh edition is currently in production.
- Read about the history of ChiroSH: Hardy SB. Analyzing a unique controlled vocabulary: Chiropractic subject headings [ChiroSH] – Past, present and future. Chiropr Hist. 2014 Summer;34(1):21-27. ICL record
- Kempke A, Boni BA. Chiropractic Subject Headings 6th ed. Chiropractic Library Collaboration, 2009.
This subject heading has not yet been applied to ICL articles.
More information is needed for this term.
Developed by W.C. Lee, D.C., and Arlan W. Fuhr, D.C. This technique makes use of a handheld mechanical adjusting device called the Activator Adjusting Instrument (AAI), developed to simulate a thumb thrust.
Suggested reading: Huggins T, Luberic Boras A, Gleberzon BJ, Popescu M, Bahry LA. Clinical effectiveness of the activator adjusting instrument in the management of musculoskeletal disorders: A systematic review of the literature. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2012 Mar;56(1):49-57.
Search Activator Method in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
See also: Full Spine Techniques
Developed by P. Michael Leahy, D.C.
Active Release Technique is designed to accomplish three unique objectives: restoring free and unimpeded motion of all soft tissues, the release of entrapped nerves, vasculature, and lymphatics, and to re-establish optimal texture, resilience, and function of soft tissues.
Source: Howitt SD, Wong J, Zabukovec S. The conservative treatment of Trigger Thumb using Graston Technique and Active Release Techniques. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2006 Dec;50(4):249-254.
Search Active Release Technique in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
Developed by Jesse Jutkowitz, D.C. Learn about ABC™ from Dr. Jutkowitz .
ABC™ hypothesises that specific vertebra can lose optimal leverage and move in an anterior direction, causing the elements above to collapse forward.
Source: Venning G, Vivier T, Doyle M. Improvement in craniovertebral angle in a patient with anterior head posture using advanced biostructural correction: A case report . Asia-Pac Chiropr J. 2021 ;2(1):1-9.
Developed by Nicholas Spano, D.C. Suggested reading: Advanced Muscle Palpation [by] Dr. Nicholas Spano 
AMP [Advanced Muscle Palpation] is a system of analysis that hypothesizes that “resting segmental muscular activity is homeostatic in nature.” It theorizes that the central nervous system coordinates muscle activity such that the muscles are acting in attempt to restore balance and normal structure. Therefore, assessing “working” muscles gives the doctor insight into how the body is attempting to correct misalignments and informs the clinician on the line of force application for the corrective thrust.
Source: Hanson D, Rupp A. Resolution of sensory processing disorder, sleep challenges, and speech delay in a child following chiropractic care to reduce vertebral subluxation: A case study and selective review of the literature [case report, review]. J Pediatr Matern & Fam Health - Chiropr. 2018 Sep;2018:123-137.
Developed by James R. Alberts, D.C., author of: Alberts' cerebral meningeal stress syndrome: A primary release of the central and autonomic nervous system. San Mateo, California: James R. Alberts, ©1959.
Dr. Alberts discussed the relationship between the cranium, meningeal tension, and emotional stress. Alberts also developed a neurologic model of cranial function that regards the neurologic organization of fault patterns and serves as a foundation for much of the Applied Kinesiology cranial concept.
Source: Cohen, Don. An Introduction to Craniosacral Therapy; Anatomy, Function and Treatment. Berkeley, California: North Atlantic Books, 1995.
Created by Virgil B. Chrane (1905-1963): "The road to high-level wellness lies in connecting with our ultimate energy source. There is no act or service that one human can render to another that is more significant or meaningful than helping them to accomplish this connection."
See http://www.alphabioticsacademy.com/ or https://alphabioticsinfo.com/
See also: Chrane Condylar Lift
Developed by Robert Wiehe, D.C.
Developed by William J. Kotheimer, D.C. Book on Amazon.com.
Developed by Walter W. Arnholz, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques
Refers to the radiological presence of closely approximated and touching adjacent spinous processes. Also know as: arthrosis interspinosa, diarthrosis interspinosa, kissing osteophytes, kissing spine, kissing spinouses disease, osteoarthrosis processus spinosi vertebrarum lumbalum, steoarthrosis interspinalis.
Developed by John N. Bandy, D.C.
Developed by Robert Boyd, D.O.
See also: Cranial Therapy
Developed by Sue Brown, D.C.
A technique that was developed by Lawrence E. Newsum, D.C., and makes use of a mechanical stimulation instrument called the New-Stim Stimulator.
Developed by Richard A. Broeringmeyer, D.C.
Developed by Ellen Cutler, D.C.
Developed by Major Bertrand De Jarnette, D.C.; evolved into Chiropractic Manipulative Reflex Technique.
See also: Chiropractic Manipulative Reflex Technique
Developed by John Blye, D.C.
Developed by René Thomas Espy, D.C.
Developed by A.G.A. Buxton, D.C.
Developed by Willard Carver, D.C.
A model of chiropractic practice in which the patient pays the provider in cash for services rendered. The patient may apply for reimbursement from an insurance company; the chiropractor does not handle insurance claims, nor depend upon insurance reimbursement for payment. (Based on the MeSH term Fee-for-Service Plans.)
See also: Practice Management, Chiropractic
Developed by Don Glassey, D.C.
See: Whedon JM, Glassey D. Cerebrospinal fluid stasis and its clinical significance. Altern Ther Health Med. 2009;15(3):54-60.
Developed by Mark Charrette, D.C.
Developed by Milton E. Dowty, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques
Developed by Robert Walker, D.C.
See also: Manipulation, Cranial
Developed by Edwin H. Kimmel, D.C.
Developed by W. Heath Quigley, D.C., M.S.
See MeSH for the list of allowable qualifiers (subheadings) following Chiropractic. Also, consult MeSH for a list of accepted publication types when adding a publication type to this heading in a catalog record. Publication types are not added to citations in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
Consult MeSH scope notes for an explanation of the difference between Chiropractic (the specialty) and Manipulation, Chiropractic (the act of adjusting a patient to relieve pressure or pain).
Manipulation, Chiropractic is used as a heading for works that discuss manipulation of the spine; Manipulation, Orthopedic is used as a heading for works that discuss manipulation of other joints or bones. See MeSH for a complete definition of the two terms.
Chiropractic / methods is a MeSH heading that is used to describe works that discuss chiropractic techniques in general. When dealing with works that discuss particular techniques, consider a more specific named technique heading from ChiroSH. Chiropractic / methods includes technique, methodology, and procedures as they relate to chiropractic. Prefer headings for specific named techniques; for items or articles covering more than three named techniques, prefer Chiropractic / methods. See specific technique headings.
When adding subheadings to named technique headings listed in ChiroSH, consult MeSH to see the list of allowable qualifiers (subheadings) following Musculoskeletal Manipulations. These are the only subheadings that may be added to named technique headings.
Individuals who assist the chiropractor.
Review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating the quality of chiropractic care. (Based on the MeSH term Medical Audit.)
Appearance of chiropractic or chiropractors in works of literature, or works that discuss the role chiropractic or chiropractors play in literature. (Based on the MeSH term Medicine in Literature.)
Developed by Major Bertrand De Jarnette, DO, DC; evolved from Bloodless Surgery.
In essence, CMRT involves using occipital fiber reflexes, which are palpated for patient sensitivity and then vertebra found in a specific reflex arc related to the occipital fiber are palpated also for sensitivity. While CMRT protocols need more reliability and validity study, the palpation for pain does help its reliability since palpation for pain alone has been shown to have reliability.
The sensitive vertebra in that reflex arc are then evaluated to determine if they have any visceral referred pain patterns. A patient clinical history is taken to guide any possible diagnosis. Lastly laboratory tests can be used to further help hone in on where treatment needs to be focused.
The treatment involves treating the reflex arc from the occipital fiber to the vertebra, adjusting the vertebra, and performing specific visceral reflex and organ manipulation. If this alone helps then nutritional and dietary modifications may not be needed. If nutritional and dietary modification are added and still there is no positive response referral for allopathic, acupuncture, or other allied health practitioners may be indicated.
Source: Chiropractic Manipulative Reflex Technique. WikiChiro. Accessed November 24, 2020.
See also: Bloodless Surgery, Full Spine Techniques, Reflex, Somatovisceral, Reflex, Viscerosomatic
The rooms in which the chiropractor examines and treats patients. (Based on the MeSH term Dental Offices.)
Chiropractic paraprofessionals qualified to engage in taking, but not reading, X-rays. (Based on the MeSH term Dental Technicians.)
Recording of pertinent information concerning a patient's condition or pain. Search Chiropractic Records in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. (Based on the MeSH term Medical Records.)
See also: Chiropractic Records, Problem-Oriented, SOAP Notes
A system of record keeping in which a list of the patient's problems is made and all history, concerns, and results of relevant tests pertinent to each problem are placed under that heading. (Based on the MeSH term Medical Records, Problem-Oriented.)
See also: Chiropractic Records, SOAP Notes
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation in the field of chiropractic.
Based on the MeSH definition of Research.
Chiropractors approved to provide care to hospital patients. (Based on the MeSH term Medical Staff, Hospital.)
Individuals licensed to practice chiropractic. (Based on the MeSH term Physicians.)
Created by Virgil B. Chrane Jr. (1932-2017): The Chrane Condyle Lift alignment ... would not be considered a low force, specific upper cervical adjustment. In contrast it is a unique, dramatic, dynamic, high velocity, intense decompressive alignment of the upper cervical spine performed manually in three or four adjustive thrusts.
Developed by Donald Harrison, Ph.D., D.C.; Deanne Harrison, D.C.; and Daniel Murphy, D.C. Formerly called Chiropractic Biophysics Technique and Chiropractic Spinal Biomechanics. Search Clinical Biomechanics of Posture in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. Search Chiropractic Biophysics Technique in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. [ICL ID 2975]
A method of measuring the angle of a spinal curvature. Search Cobb’s Method in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
Developed by Frederick W. Collins, D.C., N.D., D.O., M.D.
Developed by Frank Dean, D.C. at the Columbia Institute of Chiropractic (now New York Chiropractic College).
See also: Full Spine Techniques
Developed by Thurman Fleet, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques
Developed by Dick A. Versendaal, D.C.
See also: Reflex Techniques
A group of procedures, both diagnostic and therapeutic, that were borne from the theory that restricted movement of the cranial sutures of the skull can cause a dysfunction. Search Cranial Therapy in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
See also: Bio Cranial System, Craniopathy, Craniosacral Therapy, Sacro Occipital Technique
Developed by Alan Creed, D.C.
Developed by Glen Dolman, M.D., Robert Dolman, M.D., and Carl Delacato, M.D.
Developed by Claude Damon, D.C., and Carrie Damon, D.C.
A diagnostic technique developed by Romer Derifield, D.C. The Derifield-Thompson test for leg length inequality (LLI) is commonly used by chiropractors to assess a need for adjustment and to evaluate the results of adjustment. [ICLID 11005 ]
See also: Thompson Terminal Point Technique
Developed from the work set forth by several chiropractors, osteopaths, and physical therapists. It is one of the most frequently used chiropractic techniques and is taught at most of the chiropractic colleges.
See also: Distraction Techniques, Full Spine Techniques
Developed by Jerry Hochman, D.C.
Used for general articles on chiropractic education. Based on the MeSH term Education, Medical.
Programs designed to inform chiropractors of recent advances in their field. No higher degree is awarded as a result of participation in continuing education programs. Search Education, Chiropractic, Continuing in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. (Based on the MeSH term Education, Medical, Continuing.)
See also: Schools, Chiropractic