There is an increasing awareness, interest and acceptance of the biopsychosocial (BPS) model by all health care professionals involved with patient care. The areas of spine care and pain medicine are no exception, and in fact, these areas of health care are a major centerpiece of the movement from the traditional biomedical model to a BPS model of patient assessment and delivery of care. The chiropractic approach to health care has a history that is grounded in key aspects of the BPS model. The profession has inherently implemented certain features of the BPS model throughout its history, perhaps without a full understanding or realization. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the BPS model, its relationship with spine care and pain management, and to discuss the BPS model, particularly psychosocial aspects, in the context of its historical relationship with chiropractic. We will also provide recommendations for the chiropractic profession as it relates to successful adoption of a full integration of the BPS model.
Author keywords: Biopsychosocial — Biomedical — Chiropractic — Back pain — Neck pain — Pain management
Author affiliations: JAG: College of Chiropractic, Logan University, Chesterfield, MO USA; MJS: Department of Physical Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA USA; MWE: Department of Food Science, Nutrition, and Health Promotion, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS USA; JK: Medical College of Wisconsin, Department of Neurosurgery, Milwaukee, WI USA; JEEJr: Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC USA.
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