Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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Index to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic Literature

ChiroSH Online

ChiroSH (Chiropractic Subject Headings) is a controlled vocabulary created by members of the Chiropractic Library Collaboration, an organization affiliated with the Association of Chiropractic Colleges. ChiroSH is used by the Index to Chiropractic Literature’s indexers, and by catalogers in health sciences libraries. This online version (under development) is an innovation we hope will be widely used by students, chiropractors and researchers. The first edition of ChiroSH was released in 1984 and the seventh edition is currently in production.

Also known as: Relatology

Developed by Willard Carver, D.C.

A model of chiropractic practice in which the patient pays the provider in cash for services rendered. The patient may apply for reimbursement from an insurance company; the chiropractor does not handle insurance claims, nor depend upon insurance reimbursement for payment. (Based on the MeSH term Fee-for-Service Plans.)
See also: Practice Management, Chiropractic

Also known as: CSFT

Developed by Don Glassey, D.C.
See: Whedon JM, Glassey D. Cerebrospinal fluid stasis and its clinical significance.  Altern Ther Health Med. 2009;15(3):54-60.

Developed by Mark Charrette, D.C.

Also known as: CPK

Developed by Milton E. Dowty, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

Developed by Robert Walker, D.C.
See also: Manipulation, Cranial

Developed by Edwin H. Kimmel, D.C.

Developed by W. Heath Quigley, D.C., M.S.

Also known as: Clinical Chiropractic


See MeSH for the list of allowable qualifiers (subheadings) following Chiropractic. Also, consult MeSH for a list of accepted publication types when adding a publication type to this heading in a catalog record. Publication types are not added to citations in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.

Consult MeSH scope notes for an explanation of the difference between Chiropractic (the specialty) and Manipulation, Chiropractic (the act of adjusting a patient to relieve pressure or pain).

Manipulation, Chiropractic is used as a heading for works that discuss manipulation of the spine; Manipulation, Orthopedic is used as a heading for works that discuss manipulation of other joints or bones. See MeSH for a complete definition of the two terms.

Chiropractic / methods is a MeSH heading that is used to describe works that discuss chiropractic techniques in general. When dealing with works that discuss particular techniques, consider a more specific named technique heading from ChiroSH. Chiropractic / methods includes technique, methodology, and procedures as they relate to chiropractic. Prefer headings for specific named techniques; for items or articles covering more than three named techniques, prefer Chiropractic / methods. See specific technique headings.

When adding subheadings to named technique headings listed in ChiroSH, consult MeSH to see the list of allowable qualifiers (subheadings) following Musculoskeletal Manipulations. These are the only subheadings that may be added to named technique headings.

Also known as: CAs

Individuals who assist the chiropractor.

Review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating the quality of chiropractic care. (Based on the MeSH term Medical Audit.)

Also known as: Clinics, Chiropractic

Facilities where chiropractic care is provided to patients. Search Chiropractic Clinics in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. (Based on the MeSH term Dental Clinics.)

Appearance of chiropractic or chiropractors in works of literature, or works that discuss the role chiropractic or chiropractors play in literature. (Based on the MeSH term Medicine in Literature.)

Also known as: CMRT

Developed by Major Bertrand De Jarnette, DO, DC; evolved from Bloodless Surgery.

In essence, CMRT involves using occipital fiber reflexes, which are palpated for patient sensitivity and then vertebra found in a specific reflex arc related to the occipital fiber are palpated also for sensitivity. While CMRT protocols need more reliability and validity study, the palpation for pain does help its reliability since palpation for pain alone has been shown to have reliability.

The sensitive vertebra in that reflex arc are then evaluated to determine if they have any visceral referred pain patterns. A patient clinical history is taken to guide any possible diagnosis. Lastly laboratory tests can be used to further help hone in on where treatment needs to be focused.

The treatment involves treating the reflex arc from the occipital fiber to the vertebra, adjusting the vertebra, and performing specific visceral reflex and organ manipulation. If this alone helps then nutritional and dietary modifications may not be needed. If nutritional and dietary modification are added and still there is no positive response referral for allopathic, acupuncture, or other allied health practitioners may be indicated.
Source: Chiropractic Manipulative Reflex Technique. WikiChiro. Accessed November 24, 2020.
See also: Bloodless Surgery, Full Spine Techniques, Reflex, Somatovisceral, Reflex, Viscerosomatic

Also known as: Chiropractic Facilities

The rooms in which the chiropractor examines and treats patients. (Based on the MeSH term Dental Offices.)

Also known as: CRTs

Chiropractic paraprofessionals qualified to engage in taking, but not reading, X-rays. (Based on the MeSH term Dental Technicians.)

Recording of pertinent information concerning a patient's condition or pain. Search Chiropractic Records in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. (Based on the MeSH term Medical Records.)
See also: Chiropractic Records, Problem-Oriented, SOAP Notes

A system of record keeping in which a list of the patient's problems is made and all history, concerns, and results of relevant tests pertinent to each problem are placed under that heading. (Based on the MeSH term Medical Records, Problem-Oriented.)
See also: Chiropractic Records, SOAP Notes

Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation in the field of chiropractic.
Based on the MeSH definition of Research.

Also known as: Hospital Chiropractic Staff

Chiropractors approved to provide care to hospital patients. (Based on the MeSH term Medical Staff, Hospital.)

The relationship between a chiropractor and a patient.  Search Chiropractor-Patient Relations in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. (Based on the MeSH term Physician-Patient Relations.)

Also known as: Chiropractic Physicians, Physicians, Chiropractic, Women Chiropractors

Individuals licensed to practice chiropractic. (Based on the MeSH term Physicians.)

Women licensed to practice chiropractic. Based on the MeSH term Physicians, Women.
Search ICL for Chiropractors, Women.

Created by Virgil B. Chrane Jr. (1932-2017): The Chrane Condyle Lift alignment ... would not be considered a low force, specific upper cervical adjustment. In contrast it is a unique, dramatic, dynamic, high velocity, intense decompressive alignment of the upper cervical spine performed manually in three or four adjustive thrusts.

Also known as: CBP, Chiropractic Biophysics Technique, Chiropractic Spinal Biophysics

Developed by Donald Harrison, Ph.D., D.C.; Deanne Harrison, D.C.; and Daniel Murphy, D.C. Formerly called Chiropractic Biophysics Technique and Chiropractic Spinal Biomechanics.  Search Clinical Biomechanics of Posture in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. Search Chiropractic Biophysics Technique in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. [ICL ID 2975]

A method of measuring the angle of a spinal curvature. Search Cobb’s Method in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.

Developed by Frederick W. Collins, D.C., N.D., D.O., M.D.

Developed by Frank Dean, D.C. at the Columbia Institute of Chiropractic (now New York Chiropractic College).
See also: Full Spine Techniques

Developed by Thurman Fleet, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

Also known as: CRA

Developed by Dick A. Versendaal, D.C.
See also: Reflex Techniques

Also known as: Cox Flexion-Distraction Technique, F/D Technique, Flexion-Distraction Technique

Developed by James M. Cox, D.C. Initially named Flexion-Distraction Technique or F/D Technique. Search Cox Technique in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
See also: Distraction Techniques

A group of procedures, both diagnostic and therapeutic, that were borne from the theory that restricted movement of the cranial sutures of the skull can cause a dysfunction. Search Cranial Therapy in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
See also: Bio Cranial System, Craniopathy, Craniosacral Therapy, Sacro Occipital Technique

Also known as: Cottam Cranial Adjusting

Developed by Nephi P. Cottam, D.C.
See also: Cranial Therapy, Diagnosis, Cranial

Developed by John Upledger, D.O. Search Craniosacral Therapy in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
See also: Cranial Therapy, Diagnosis, Cranial

Developed by Alan Creed, D.C.

Developed by Glen Dolman, M.D., Robert Dolman, M.D., and Carl Delacato, M.D.