Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ChiroSH Online

ChiroSH (Chiropractic Subject Headings) is a controlled vocabulary created by members of the Chiropractic Library Collaboration, an organization affiliated with the Association of Chiropractic Colleges. ChiroSH is used by the Index to Chiropractic Literature’s indexers, and by catalogers in health sciences libraries. This online version (under development) is an innovation we hope will be widely used by students, chiropractors and researchers. The first edition of ChiroSH was released in 1984 and the seventh edition is currently in production.


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A state in which tissues or nerve cells are chronically hyperirritable and produce hyper responsive reactions to impulses reaching them from other parts of the body or brain.

A diagnostic and treatment technique developed at Sherman College of Straight Chiropractic.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

A Japanese therapeutic massage in which finger and palm pressure is applied to acupuncture points throughout the body.
See also: Meridian Therapy

Pains in the front of the lower legs caused by exercise, usually after a period of relative inactivity.

Described by James Cyriax, M.D. A limited straight leg raise, restricted hip flexion with the hip flexed, and a noncapsular pattern of restricted motion at the hip constitute a Sign of the Buttock. This sign can indicate the presence of several conditions.

A method used to prepare patient care notes. “SOAP” stands for subjective, objective, assessment, plan. Various types of SOAP notes are used, based upon the stage of care of a patient: initial notes, interim or progress notes, and discharge notes.
See also: Chiropractic Records, Chiropractic Records, Problem-Oriented

Also known as: Associations, Chiropractic, Chiropractic Associations, Chiropractic Societies

Societies whose membership is limited to chiropractors. (Based on the MeSH term Societies, Medical.)

Also known as: Chiropractic / social aspects

The study of the social structure or social aspects of chiropractic. (Based on the MeSH term Sociology, Medical.)

Also known as: Temporal Sphenoidal Technique

Developed by M.L. Rees, D.C.

Based on the work of Thomas Hanna, Ph.D., whose work was influenced by the ideas of Moshe Feldenkrais.

Developed by Clyde W. Ford, D.C.

Developed by Leo Spears, D.C.

Also known as: Chiropractic Specialties

Various branches of chiropractic practice limited to specialized areas. (Based upon MeSH definition of Specialties, Medical.) [not a MeSH term]

Developed by Harry Nemiroff, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

Also known as: Muscles, Spinal

(Based on the MeSH term Psoas Muscles.)

Also known as: Functional Stabilization Exercises

Exercises designed for individuals with low back pain. They aim to improve function by conditioning the muscles around the lumbar spine, while allowing patients to complete their daily tasks.

Also known as: Spinal Column Stressology Technique, Stressology Technique

A full-spine technique developed by Lowell Ward, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques, Reflex Techniques

Also known as: Hurley Technic, Rosquist Technic

Developed by W. Lamar Rosquist, N.D., D.C.

Developed by John Hurley, D.C.

Developed by Albert Abrams, M.D.; also attributed to Arthur Forster, M.D., D.C., and Joe Riley, M.D., D.C., D.O.

A chiropractic specialty focused on the diagnosis and treatment of athletic injuries. (Based on the MeSH term Sports Medicine.)

Also known as: Chiropractic, Straight, Straight Chiropractic

A branch of chiropractic that focuses exclusively on the correction of vertebral subluxations.
See also: Philosophy, Chiropractic

Also known as: Chiropractic Students

Individuals enrolled in a school of chiropractic. (Based on the MeSH term Students, Medical.)

Developed by M.L. Rees, D.C.

A partial or incomplete dislocation of a bone. (Based on the MeSH term Joint Dislocations.)
See also: Fixation, Fixation, Extravertebral, Fixation, Vertebral, Subluxation, Cervical, Subluxation, Lumbar

Also known as: Cervical Subluxation

(Based on the MeSH term Joint Dislocations.)
See also: Subluxation

Also known as: Lumbar Subluxation

(Based on the MeSH term Joint Dislocations.)
See also: Subluxation

Also known as: Thoracic Subluxation

(Based upon the MeSH definition of Joint Dislocations.)
See also: Subluxation

Also known as: Biotoning, Nerve Tracing

Physical examination of the body with the hands and a diagnostic format for locating nerve interference.

Developed by Max Sutter, D.C., and Ted Sutter, D.C.
See also: Upper Cervical Techniques

Developed by John P. Usselmann, D.C.

Developed by George Roth, D.C., N.D.

Developed by Herman Stoffels, D.C.
See also: Reflex Techniques

A form of muscle testing used in Applied Kinesiology.
See also: Kinesiology, Applied [MeSH]

Also known as: Thompson Technique

Developed by J. Clay Thompson, D.C.
See also: Derifield Technique, Full Spine Techniques

Developed by the Tieszen family of bonesetters and chiropractors.

An adjustive technique developed by I.N. Toftness, D.C., which uses the Toftness Radiation Detector (TRD).

Developed by B.J. Palmer, D.C. Toggle is a style of SMT that has been developed to address lateral motion dysfunction of the atlas.  A patient is laid on his or her side, and using a contact over the atlas, the pisiform of the practitioner performs an HVLA thrust. [ICLID 24492]
See also: McTimoney Technique, Upper Cervical Techniques

Developed by Frank Portelli, D.C., and Frank Marcellino, D.O., D.C.

A low-force adjusting method developed by Jay Holder, D.C.

An X-ray procedure developed by Fred W.H. Illi, D.C., to show movement of the sacrum. (Based on the MeSH term Radiography.)

Also known as: Barge Technique, Torticollis Technique

Developed by Fred Barge, D.C.

Also known as: TBM

Developed by Victor L. Frank II, D.C., N.M.D., D.O., and C. Harold Havlic, D.C.

Also known as: TFHKA

An Applied Kinesiology touch-healing process.
See also: Kinesiology, Applied [MeSH]

Developed by Allan Gary Oolo Austin, D.C., D.Ac.

Similar to but less vigorous than ischemic compression. A trigger point is massaged with increasing pressure until resistance is felt, at which point light pressure is applied until the muscle tension releases.
See also: Ischemic Compression, Trigger Points

Hyperirritable spots in muscles that, when pressed, can cause pain at the site of the “knot” or in other areas of the body.
See also: Ischemic Compression, Myofascial Technique, Trigger Point Pressure Release

Developed by Leon Truscott, D.C.

Developed by Mark Ungerank, D.C.

Also known as: UCT

Adjustments that are applied only to the upper cervical region.
See also: Applied Upper Cervical Biomechanics, Atlas Orthogonal Technique, Atlas Specific Technique, Blair Upper Cervical Technique, Chrane Condylar Lift

Developed by Peter Leighton, D.C.

Also known as: Arcus Vertebrae, Neural Arch

The circle of bone that encloses a vertebral foramen. Also known as: arcus vertebrae, neural arch.

Also known as: George's Test, Vertebral Artery Scan

Extreme rotation and extension of the head. Certain symptoms indicate a positive result and are a contraindication to cervical manipulation.

When vertebrae lose their normal position or motion and interfere with nervous system function. Search Vertebral Subluxation Complex in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
See also: Subluxation

Referring to the vertebral and basilar arteries. (Based on the MeSH term Cardiovascular System.)

Also known as: Animals, Adjustment

Chiropractic care that is concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals. [ICLID 22167] (Based on the MeSH term Veterinary Medicine.)

Developed by Rupert Von Fox, D.C.

Also known as: Webster's In-Utero Constraint Technique, Webster's Breech Turning Technique

Developed by Larry Webster, D.C. The Webster Technique is a chiropractic technique designed to relieve the musculoskeletal causes of intrauterine constraint. Formerly known as Webster's In-Utero Constraint Technique or Webster's Breech Turning Technique, the Webster Technique was developed by Dr Larry Webster in 1978. [ICLID 115806]

Also known as: Maintenance Care, Wellness Care

A chiropractic specialty concerned with the provision of continuing care to patients who do not have specific symptoms. Providers in a wellness practice often emphasize patient education and encourage patients to make positive choices for holistic health. Search Wellness Practice, Chiropractic in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. (Based on the MeSH term Family Practice.)
See also: Practice Management, Chiropractic

A method of evaluating diagnostic images to assist the chiropractor in deciding upon specific areas to adjust. Various chiropractic techniques incorporate the use of X-ray marking and it can be applied to images of any portion of the spine or pelvis.

A technique developed by Arden D. Zimmerman, D.C. that makes use of a Specific Adjustment Machine. Read Dr.Zimmerman's article published in Digest of Chiropractic Economics, May-June 1963.

Developed by Ray Zindler, D.C.
See also: Reflex Techniques

In Zone Therapy, the body is divided into ten zones, five on each side of the body. Pressure applied anywhere in the zone will affect the entire zone. This was popularized in the early 1900s by William FitzGerald, M.D., and is the origin of modern hand and foot reflexology.
Suggested reading: Fitzgerald, William H., Bowers, Edwin F. (1917). Zone therapy; or, Relieving pain at home. Columbus, Ohio: I. W. Long, Publisher (California Digital Library). Accessed September 20, 2020
See also: Reflexology

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