Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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Wednesday, December 1, 2021
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ChiroSH Online

ChiroSH (Chiropractic Subject Headings) is a controlled vocabulary created by members of the Chiropractic Library Collaboration, an organization affiliated with the Association of Chiropractic Colleges. ChiroSH is used by the Index to Chiropractic Literature’s indexers, and by catalogers in health sciences libraries. This online version (under development) is an innovation we hope will be widely used by students, chiropractors and researchers. The first edition of ChiroSH was released in 1984 and the seventh edition is currently in production.


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Developed by George Roth, D.C., N.D.

Developed by R. B. Mawhinney, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

Also known as: McTimody Technique

Developed by John McTimoney, D.C.
See also: Toggle Recoil Technique

Developed by Donald B. Mears, Sr., D.C.
See also: Upper Cervical Techniques

Developed by D. D. Palmer, D.C.

A diagnostic and treatment procedure in which a patient’s symptoms are used to identify the area of the spine to adjust.

Also known as: Full Spine Specific Technique

Developed by C.S. Cleveland, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

Thermal, ultrasound, electrical, needle, pressure, or laser stimulation of specific energy points running in channels or pathways (“meridians”) up and down the body.
See also: Shiatsu

Developed by Robert Goddard Young, D.C.

Chiropractic practice that includes military personnel or operations. (Based on the MeSH term Military Medicine.)

Also known as: Chiropractic, Mixers, Mixers

A branch of chiropractic that uses a variety of treatment modalities in addition to chiropractic manipulation to treat patients.
See also: Philosophy, Chiropractic

Movement applied singularly or repetitively within or at the physiologic range of joint motion, without imparting a thrust or impulse, with the goal of restoring joint mobility.
See also: Mobilization, Joint


See also: Mobilization

Developed by Gerhard M. Morreim, D.C.

Also known as: Dynamic Palpation, Gillet Technique, Palpation, Dynamic, Palpation, Motion

A diagnostic technique that involves moving the anatomical part through a range of motion.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

MET [Muscle Energy Technique] is a gentle technique used in clinical practice by a wide range of manual therapy practitioners, including physiotherapists and osteopaths. It is commonly used to treat hypertonic muscles and to improve joint mobility. The isometric version of the technique is most commonly employed and involves specific components: 1. Localisation of joint/muscle barrier by operator (controlled joint positioning); 2. Patient active muscle contraction in a specific direction for a specified time; 3. Operator-applied distinct counterforce against the patient contraction; 4. Patient relaxation; 5. Operator re-uptakes the ‘new’ barrier (passive stretch of the muscle, or increase in joint movement in a specific direction); 6. Repeat procedure several times.
From
: Baxter DA, Shergis JL, Fazalbhoy A, Coyle ME. Muscle energy technique for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A systematic review. Chiropr & Manual Ther. 2019 ;27(37):1-7.
Search ICL for Muscle Energy Technique.

 

Also known as: M.S.S.T.

Developed by Fred J. Kippenbrock, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

Also known as: Direct Release Myofascial Technique

A technique, based upon the original work in Trigger Points, that releases myofascial restrictions while leading the patient through a range of motion.
See also: Full Spine Techniques, Trigger Points

Also known as: NAET

Developed by Dr. Devi S. Nambudripad, D.C., L.Ac. Also known as NAET. View NAET site.

A treatment method which concentrates on studying, treating, and preventing neuromusculoskeletal disorders. Doctors of Naprapathy are connective tissue specialists. View ICL records for Naprapathy.

Developed by Earl F. Craton, D.C. Also known as NSIR. View NSIR site.
From the site: "Nerve Signal Interference Removal (NSIR) is the scientific Healing Art which understands the process by which the body succumbs to disease. It deals with the relationship between the brain and the body and the ability of the two to communicate."

Also known as: Network Chiropractic

Developed by Donald M. Epstein, D.C. View Network Spinal Analysis on ICL.
Suggested reading: Senzon S, Epstein D, Lemberger D. A historical perspective on network spinal analysis care: A unique insight into the spine’s role in health and wellbeing. Chiropr J Aust. 2017 ;45(4):p 304-323.
PDF available.
See also: Full Spine Techniques, Reflex Techniques

Also known as: New Neurology, NIT

Also known as: NET

Developed by Scott Walker, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

Developed by Frank Chapman, D.O.
See also: Reflex, Neurolymphatic, Reflex Techniques, Kinesiology, Applied [MeSH]

Also known as: Neural Organization Technique

Developed by Carl Ferrari, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques, Kinesiology, Applied [MeSH]

Also known as: NPB

Developed by Richard C. Freeze, D.C.
See also: Reflex Techniques

Also known as: NCR

Developed by Dean Howell, N.D.

Also known as: NVD

Developed by Terrence J. Bennett, D.C., and written about by Ralph J. Martin, D.C., N.D.

Also known as: Bennett Reflex Points

Developed by Terrence J. Bennett, D.C.
See also: Reflex Techniques

The blood vessels of the central nervous system.

Muscle treatments and reflex techniques that do not include “forceful” manipulation of joints or an audible release.

Developed by Ralph Gregory, D.C., and John F. Grostic, D.C., of the National Upper Cervical Chiropractic Association (NUCCA). Search NUCCA Technique in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
See also: Grostic Technique, Herring Cervical Technique, Upper Cervical Techniques

An upper cervical adjustment technique that may be executed with a patient in a supine, prone, or sitting position.
See also: Upper Cervical Techniques

A diagnostic and treatment procedure for correcting the occipito-atlanto-axial subluxation complex, based on the research and teaching of John F. Grostic, D.C. Orthospinology Procedure involves hand adjustments and the use of an instrument produced from the research of Cecil Laney, D.C. Search Orthospinology Procedure in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
See also: Upper Cervical Techniques

Also known as: Sitting-Up Technique

Developed by Amon Ortman, D.C. Read about Dr. Ortman, his family, and the Ortman Technique.

Also known as: Referred Pain, Visceral Pain, Referred

Pain that is felt in an area of the body from which it does not originate.

Also known as: Hole In One Technique, H.I.O. Technique

Developed by B.J. Palmer, D.C. (Palmer, Bartlett Joshua, 1881-1961). Search ICL for "Hole in One".
See also: Upper Cervical Techniques

Also known as: Muscles, Paravertebral

(Based on the MeSH term Psoas Muscles.)

Also known as: Chiropractic Partnership Practice, Chiropractic Practice, Partnership

A voluntary contract between two or more chiropractors who may or may not share responsibility for the care of patients, with proportional sharing of profits and losses. (Based on the MeSH term Partnership Practice.)
See also: Practice Management, Chiropractic

Chiropractic care of children from birth through adolescence. Search Pediatric Chiropractic in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. (Based on the MeSH term Pediatric Nursing.)

Also known as: PPOD

A disorder identified by James Browning, D.C., that includes symptoms of pelvic pain and disorders of bladder, bowel, gynecologic, and sexual function.

Developed by Ronald J. Watkins, D.C.

Also known as: Spinal Biomechanics Technique

Developed by Burl R. Pettibon, D.C.

Also known as: Chiropractic Philosophy, Chiropractic Theories

A study of the basic principles and concepts of chiropractic. (Based on the MeSH term Philosophy, Medical.)
See also: Innate Intelligence, Mixer (Philosophy of Chiropractic), Straight (Philosophy of Chiropractic)

Developed by Walter V. Pierce, D.C., and Glenn Stillwagon, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques, Pro-Adjuster Technique

Also known as: Muscles, Piriformis

Pain that originates in the gluteal region and travels down the leg, caused by compression of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle.
See also: Piriformis Technique

Developed by D. Bruce Fligg, D.C.
See also: Piriformis Syndrome

Also known as: Polarity Technique

Developed by Randolph Stone, D.C., N.D., D.O.
See also: Bio-Polarity Technique, Emotional-Polarity Technique

Also known as: PRT

Developed by George Roth, D.C., N.D., and Kerry D’Ambrogio, PT. Based on Counterstrain, which was developed by Lawrence Jones, D.O.


See also: Manipulation, Extremities

Also known as: Chiropractic Practice Management, Practice, Chiropractic

Business management of chiropractic practices that may include financial, organizational, and staffing concerns. (Based on the MeSH term Practice Management.)
See also: Cash Practice, Chiropractic, Group Practice, Chiropractic, Private Practice, Chiropractic, Wellness Practice, Chiropractic

Also known as: Chiropractic Concept

Developed by Clarence E. Prill, D.C.

Also known as: Chiropractic Private Practice, Chiropractic Practice, Private

Practice of chiropractic by an individual, offering services on a person-to-person basis, as opposed to group or partnership practice. (Based on the MeSH term Private Practice.)
See also: Practice Management, Chiropractic

Also known as: Integrative Health Private Practice, Integrative Health Practice, Private

Practice of health care by an individual provider, offering services on a person-to-person basis and coordinating care with outside providers. Combines complementary or alternative medicine with allopathic medical care. (Based on the MeSH term Private Practice.)

Developed by Maurice A. Pisciottano, D.C. It evolved from the Pierce-Stillwagon Technique and makes use of a computerized diagnostic and treatment instrument.
See also: Pierce-Stillwagon Technique

Also known as: PNF

A form of flexibility training that involves both the stretching and contraction of targeted muscle groups. Can be employed to increase muscle flexibility, improve muscular strength, and improve motor skills.
Search ICL for Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation.

Also known as: Subluxation, Pseudo

A recognized normal variant in the spinal radiographs of children in which there is anterior displacement of C2 on C3 of up to 4 mm. In a healthy child, the anterior displacement will occur in flexion, but not extension. (Based on the MeSH term Joint Dislocations.)

Developed by D. Bruce Fligg, D.C.
Suggested reading: Fligg DB. Psoas technique. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 1985 Dec;29(4):207-10. PDF

Developed by Gerhard M. Morreim, D.C.

Dysfunction of a nerve root that can cause pain, numbness, or tingling throughout the nerve, or at the end of it.

Developed by Clarence E. Reaver, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

Also known as: Nimmo Technique

Developed by Raymond Nimmo, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

Techniques used to examine or treat the patient by testing muscle resistance or weakness. Weak or resistant muscles in one area of the body point to dysfunction in another area of the body.
See also: B.E.S.T. Technique, Contact Reflex Analysis, Directional Non-Force Technique, Focalizer Spinal Recoil Stimulus Reflex Effector Technique, Network Spinal Analysis

Also known as: Neurolymphatic Reflex

Neurologic reflexes associated with poor lymphatic circulation. (Based on the MeSH term Reflex, Abnormal.)
See also: Neuro Lymphatic Reflex Technique, Kinesiology, Applied [MeSH]

Also known as: Somatovisceral Reflex

Dysfunction or treatment at the surface of the body that is reflexively carried to the viscera. (Based on the MeSH term Reflex, Abnormal.)
See also: Chiropractic Manipulative Reflex Technique, Reflex, Viscerosomatic

Also known as: Spinal Reflex

Any reflex that travels through the spinal cord without direct participation of the brain or brain stem and results in an involuntary physical movement; for example, a knee jerk or ankle jerk. (Based on the MeSH term Reflex, Abnormal.)

Also known as: Viscerosomatic Reflex

Dysfunction of the viscera that is reflexively expressed as dysfunction of the somatic structure. (Based on the MeSH term Reflex, Abnormal.)
See also: Chiropractic Manipulative Reflex Technique, Reflex, Somatovisceral

A massage technique in which pressure is applied to specific spots on the feet to stimulate corresponding areas in other parts of the body. [PMID 26587391]
See also: Zone Therapy

Developed by Otto C. Reinert, D.C., at Logan College of Chiropractic.

Also known as: Riddler’s Reflexes

Developed by Robert Riddler, D.C.
See also: Reflex Techniques, Kinesiology, Applied [MeSH]

Also known as: Cervical Stairstep, Cranial Pump Technique, S.O.T.

A reflex technique developed by Major Bertrand DeJarnette, D.C.  Sacro-occcipital technique is a whole-body approach to restoring neurologic function by normalizing tension in the fascia, muscles, spine, pelvis, and cranial joints and reducing tension along the dura. [ICLID 24492] Search Sacro Occipital Technique in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
See also: Cranial Therapy, Diagnosis, Cranial, Manipulation Under Anesthesia, Reflex Techniques

Also known as: Chiropractic Colleges

Educational institutions for individuals studying to become chiropractors. (Based on the MeSH terms Schools, Medical and Schools, Nursing.)
See also: Education, Chiropractic, Continuing, Education, Chiropractic, Distance, Education, Chiropractic, Graduate, Education, Chiropractic, Pre-Chiropractic

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