Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ChiroSH Online

ChiroSH (Chiropractic Subject Headings) is a controlled vocabulary created by members of the Chiropractic Library Collaboration, an organization affiliated with the Association of Chiropractic Colleges. ChiroSH is used by the Index to Chiropractic Literature’s indexers, and by catalogers in health sciences libraries. This online version (under development) is an innovation we hope will be widely used by students, chiropractors and researchers. The first edition of ChiroSH was released in 1984 and the seventh edition is currently in production.

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Also known as: Chiropractic Education, Distance

Chiropractic education with little or no face-to-face contact between instructors and students, using various avenues of communication. (Based on the MeSH term Education, Distance.)
See also: Schools, Chiropractic

Also known as: Chiropractic Education, Graduate

Studies beyond the Doctor of Chiropractic degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree. (Based upon the MeSH definition of Education, Medical, Graduate.)
See also: Schools, Chiropractic

Also known as: Chiropractic Education, Pre-Chiropractic, Education, Chiropractic, Undergraduate

Required courses completed prior to entering a Doctor of Chiropractic degree program. (Based on the MeSH term Education, Premedical.)
See also: Schools, Chiropractic

Developed by Ron Cargioli, D.C., and Annette Cargioli, D.C.
See also: Bio-Polarity Technique, Polarity Therapy

Also known as: Bilateral Nasal Specific Technique, Nasal Specific Technique, SNT, Sympathetic Nasal Technique

Developed by Walter Gibbons; Thomas T. Lake, D.C., N.D.; and Richard Broeringmeyer, D.C. Treatment in which a finger cot is inflated inside the patient's nose with the intention of moving a bone inside the head. Originally known as Bilateral Nasal Specific Technique. [ICLID 18254]

Also known as: Chiropractic Ethics

The principles governing proper conduct of the chiropractor, including relations with others and actions regarding patient care. Search Ethics, Chiropractic in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. (Based on the MeSH term Ethics, Medical.)

Also known as: Chiropractic Evaluation Studies as Topic

Studies determining the effectiveness or value of chiropractic care, or information on conducting such studies. Use for materials that cover evaluation studies as a topic. (Based on the MeSH term Evaluation Studies as Topic.)

The process of locating and using research findings as the basis for clinical chiropractic decisions. The process involves four steps: developing a clinical question based upon a patient’s problem, searching the literature for relevant articles, evaluating the research for its validity and usefulness, and implementing findings in clinical chiropractic practice.  Search Evidence-Based Chiropractic in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. See also Evidence-Based Medicine [MeSH]. (Based on the MeSH term Evidence-Based Medicine.)

A diagnostic and treatment procedure developed by Major Bertrand De Jarnette, D.C.

An irritation of one or more of the joints on the back of the spinal vertebrae that occurs when the joints which interconnect compress and irritate the soft tissue in between.

Also known as: Chiropractic Faculty

Amount charged to patients in return for chiropractic services. (Based on the MeSH term Fees, Medical.)

A method of measuring an angle of a spinal curvature.

An in-depth method of integrating business or personal financial matters (investments, tax planning, asset allocation, risk management, retirement planning, and estate planning) in order to meet long-term goals and objectives.

Also known as: Dynamic Fault

The condition of a joint becoming temporarily immobilized or held in a rigid position. (Based on the MeSH term Joint Dislocations.)
See also: Fixation, Extravertebral, Fixation, Vertebral, Subluxation

Developed by H. Gillet, D.C., and M. Liekens, D.C.

(Based on the MeSH term Joint Dislocations.)
See also: Fixation, Subluxation

Search Fixation, Vertebral in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. (Based on the MeSH term Joint Dislocations.)
See also: Fixation, Subluxation

See also: Lateroflexion

A chiropractic technique developed by Phillip E. George, D.C., that makes use of an adjusting instrument called a Focalizer.
See also: Reflex Techniques

Also known as: Compression Fractures

Developed by Herbert S. Freeman, D.C.

Methods of adjusting or manipulating the vertebrae from the neck down.
See also: Activator Method, Applied Spinal Biomechanical Engineering, Arnholz Method, Chiro Plus Kinesiology, Chiropractic Manipulative Reflex Technique

Developed by Fred Clary, D.C.

Chiropractors who use FN [Functional Neurology] extend their scope of treatment to the nervous system including the brain, targeting, for example, dysfunctional groups of neurons that, purportedly, can be stimulated with various therapeutic approaches, including spinal manipulation. Examples of indications of treatment with FN are neuro-musculoskeletal disorders, symptoms related to traumatic brain injuries, neurologic diseases or disorders, psychiatric disorders, and various neurologic or non-neurologic isolated symptoms. The treatments do not seem to be specific to the conditions but they are related to the examination findings, in such a way that patients with completely different conditions can be ‘prescribed’ very similar treatments.
: Demortier M, Goncalves G, Leboeuf-Yde C, Le Scanff C, Wedderkopp N. Attitudes to functional neurology and some other ‘prescriptive’ chiropractic techniques and their associations with chiropractic conservatism: A cross-sectional survey of chiropractic students. Chiropr & Manual Ther. 2020;28(28):1-12.
Search ICL for Functional Neurology (FN).

Also known as: Myobasal Technique

Developed by Roy Ashton, D.C.

Developed by Clarence Gonstead, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

An educational forum at which physicians, usually experts in their disciplines, discuss clinical cases for educational purposes. Occasionally, these discussions take place at patient bedsides.

Also known as: GISTM, Graston Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization

A form of instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization developed by David Graston. Search Graston Technique in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.

Also known as: Grostic Procedure

Developed by John F. Grostic, D.C., and the Cox brothers. The Grostic Procedure originated as a means of precisely measuring the misalignments of the atlas and axis and this is still its prime function. It provides a means of evaluating various adjusting procedures. [ICLID 25144]
See also: Laney Technique, NUCCA Technique, Upper Cervical Techniques

Also known as: Chiropractic Group Practice, Chiropractic Practice, Group

Any group of three or more full-time chiropractors organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of health care services, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income. (Based on the MeSH term Group Practice.)
See also: Practice Management, Chiropractic

Also known as: Integrative Health Group Practice, Integrative Health Practice, Integrative

Any group of three or more full-time health practitioners organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of complementary or alternative medicine in combination with allopathic medical care. Practitioners share space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income. (Based on the MeSH term Group Practice.)

Harmonic technique (HT) is an active soft tissue technique used to treat patients with musculoskeletal disorders. Harmonic technique focuses on rhythmic and oscillatory movements to improve physiological function of damaged tissues. Rhythmic movements trigger healing by improving fluid flow, tissue nutrition, and repair. Recent studies have shown that active rhythmic motion has a substantial beneficial effect on proprioceptive stimulation and pain relief compared with passive rhythmic motion.

Source: Arab AM, Saadati H, Sheikhhoseini R. The effect of harmonic technique vs end range loading exercises on pain and disability in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain: A preliminary study [clinical trial]. J Chiropr Med. 2016 Mar;15(1):3-8.

Developed by Charles Herring, D.C.
See also: NUCCA Technique, Upper Cervical Techniques

Also known as: Homeokinetics

A combination of homeopathy and applied kinesiology that was developed by Dennis Simpson, D.C.

The relationship between chiropractors and hospital staff, administrators, or governing boards. (Based on the MeSH term Hospital-Physician Relations.)

Also known as: Chiropractic Hospitals

Facilities offering chiropractic as the principal type of inpatient care. (Based on the MeSH term Hospitals.)

An idea posited by B.J. Palmer stating that the body has a tendency to heal itself. According to this idea, forces are transmitted from the brain through the spinal column and into the nerves.
See also: Philosophy, Chiropractic

The integrated neuromuscular inhibition technique (INIT) is a manual MTrPs deactivation technique, which has been described by Chaitow. It includes the combination of the ischemic compression technique, the strain-counterstrain technique, and the muscle energy technique. Sadaat et al reported that 1 session of the INIT is able to reduce pain and pressure pain threshold (PPT) in individuals with CMNP due to MTrPs in the upper trapezius muscle. Nagrale et al claimed that the INIT is more effective than the muscle energy technique in improving pain, disability, and range of motion (ROM) in individuals with neck pain, whereas Sibby et al suggested that the INIT is equally effective with laser application in upper trapezius MTrPs.
Source: Lytras DE, Sykaras EI, Christoulas KI, Myrogiannis IS, Kellis E. Effects of exercise and an integrated neuromuscular inhibition technique program in the management of chronic mechanical neck pain: A randomized controlled trial . J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2020 Feb;43(2):100-113.

The combination of allopathic medical treatments with complementary therapies for patient care.

Also known as: Costal Syndromes

Also known as: Disk Degeneration

Also known as: Neural Foramen

Opening between vertebrae for passage of nerves to and from the spinal cord, and onward to other parts of the body. Also called a neural foramen.

Also known as: Iridiagnosis, Irisdiagnosis

The examination of the iris to gather information about a patient’s overall health.

A massage technique that puts pressure directly on a trigger point in order to increase the blockage of blood to it. Upon release, blood rushes through the area and washes away waste products, supplies oxygen, and helps the affected tissue heal.
See also: Trigger Point Pressure Release, Trigger Points

Also known as: Chiropractic Journalism

The writing of chiropractic-related articles or books, or the creation of chiropractic-related pieces for radio, television, Internet, or other media. Search Journalism, Chiropractic in the Index to Chiropractic Literature. (Based on the MeSH term Journalism, Medical.)

Developed by Michael U. Kale, D.C.
See also: Upper Cervical Techniques

Developed by W. Frederic Keck, D.C.

Also known as: Applied Kinesiology, Pitch, Roll, and Yaw

See also: B.E.S.T. Technique, Cranial Therapy, Cross Crawl, Diagnosis, Cranial, Full Spine Techniques

Also known as: Clinical Kinesiology

Developed by Alan G. Beardall, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

Also known as: Closed-Kinetic Chain Exercises, Joint Isolation Exercises, Open-Kinetic Chain Exercises

Rehabilitation exercises in which movement of one part of the body affects other parts in a chain reaction.

Developed by Wallace E. King, D.C.

Developed by Tedd Koren, D.C.

Developed by Cecil B. Laney, D.C.

Suggested reading: The Torque Specific Cervical Adjusting Instrument, by Cecil Laney D.C.
See also: Grostic Technique, Upper Cervical Techniques

Flexion to either side.
See also: Flexion

Developed by Leander Eckerd, D.C.

Also known as: Chiropractic Libraries

(Based upon the MeSH definition of Libraries, Medical.)

Also known as: Chiropractic Licensure

The granting of a license to practice chiropractic. (Based on the MeSH term Licensure, Medical.)

Developed at Life University, College of Chiropractic.
See also: Upper Cervical Techniques

Also known as: Basic Technique

Developed by H.B. Logan, D.C.
See also: Full Spine Techniques

Also known as: SMUA, Spinal Manipulation Under Anesthesia

Manipulation that is executed under general or local anesthesia, or while the patient is mildly sedated. Search Manipulation Under Anesthesia in the Index to Chiropractic Literature.
See also: Sacro Occipital Technique

Also known as: Cervical Manipulation

(Based on the MeSH term Manipulation, Chiropractic.)

Also known as: Adjustment, Chiropractic, Chiropractic Adjustment, Chiropractic Manipulation, Chiropractic Treatment

see: Consider also specific named chiropractic techniques.

Also known as: Cranial Manipulation

See also: Chirodontics

Also known as: Extremities Manipulation

See also: Post System Technique

Also known as: Joint Manipulation

Also known as: Lumbar Manipulation

Also known as: Side Posture Manipulation

Also known as: Muscles / adjustment, Soft Tissue Manipulation


Also known as: Thoracic Manipulation

Developed by Richard Bartlett, D.C., N.D.

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