Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 7077
  Title Forces generated during spinal manipulative therapy of the cervical spine: A pilot study
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1992 Jun;15(5):275-278
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article

OBJECTIVE: To determine the forces imparted to the cervical spine using direct sampling methods during a clinical episode of spinal manipulative therapy.

DESIGN: Quantitative study.

SETTING: Human Performance Laboratory, University of Calgary.

PARTICIPANTS: Two doctor/patient pairs. Patients were selected by the treating chiropractors from their existing patients pools.

INTERVENTIONS: SMT to the cervical spine (toggle method) on three separate occasions over a 2-wk period. The clinical relevancy of the treatment was assessed via before and after measures of tissue compliance.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: a) Forces during manipulation: preload and peak forces. b) Duration of applied forces.

RESULTS: a) Mean peak force = 117.7 N (+/- 15.6 N). b) Mean duration of force = 101.7 msec (+/- 14.7 msec).

CONCLUSION: The forces obtained with direct sampling methods compare favorably to previous measurements obtained from indirect sampling techniques, yet the force duration times are smaller (faster) using the direct method.

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher. Article only available in print.


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