Objective: To review the literature on Piriformis Syndrome, including signs, symptoms, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment and management.
Design: An annotated bibliography.
Methods: A literature search of MEDLINE from January 1987 to November 1996, MANTIS from 1990 to 1997, EMBASE from January 1986 to December 1996, and Index to Chiropractic Literature from 1985 to 1994. The key words utilized in the search were Piriformis, Piriformis Syndrome, and Piriformis Muscle. Only English language articles were selected.
Results: This annotated bibliography identifies twelve case reports, four case series, nine commentaries, and one quasi experiment. Twenty of the articles were published in peer-reviewed journals. Conclusions:
Future research should address diagnostic criteria, treatment protocols, and effectiveness of therapeutic options.
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