Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 475
  Title Effective management of spinal pain in one hundred seventy-seven patients evaluated for manipulation under anesthesia
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1999 Jun;22(5):299-308
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that manipulation under anesthesia (MUA), a conservative treatment modality, is both safe and efficacious in the treatment of both acute and chronic spinal pain disorders in appropriately chosen patients. MUA can be safely used to treat pain arising from the cranial, cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine, as well as the sacroiliac and pelvic region.
SETTING: An ambulatory surgical center.
SUBJECTS: The treatment group consisted of 177 patients between ages 17 and 65 years. Evaluation followed a treatment algorithm created by the authors as a multidisciplinary approach to patient choice, evaluation, treatment, and timing of specialized referral, in consideration of previously published algorithms. Prior forms of treatment, both conservative and surgical in nature, had failed in these patients.
INTERVENTION: Patients underwent three sequential manipulations under intravenous sedation, followed by 4 to 6 weeks of skilled spinal manipulation and therapeutic modalities.
OUTCOME MEASURES: Data regarding changes in Visual Analog Scale (VAS), range of motion, medication needs, and return to work status were used to document progress. All patients had follow-up for 6 months.
RESULTS: On average, VAS ratings improved by 62.2% in those patients with cervical pain problems. On average, VAS ratings improved by 60.1% in those patients with lumbar pain problems. There was a near-complete reversal in patients out of work before MUA (68.6%) and those returning to unrestricted activities at 6 months after MUA (64.1%). There was a 58.4% reduction in the percentage of patients requiring prescription pain medication from the pre-MUA period to 6 months after MUA. Additionally, 24.0% of the treatment group required no medication at 6 months after MUA.
CONCLUSION: A multidisciplinary approach to evaluation and treatment, including MUA, offers patient benefits above and beyond what can be obtained through the individual providers working alone.
This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher. Full text is available by subscription.



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