Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
My ICL     Sign In
Friday, November 27, 2020
Index to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic Literature
Share:


For best results switch to Advanced Search.
Article Detail
Return to Search Results
ID 3278
  Title A preliminary inquiry into manual muscle testing response in phobic and control subjects exposed to threatening stimuli
URL https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8792320
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1996 Jun;19(5):310-316
Author(s)
Subject(s)
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Randomized Controlled Trial
Abstract/Notes

OBJECTIVE: To determine phobic and nonphobic subject response to a provocative threat stimulus and to determine variables that confound the response.

DESIGN: Randomized blind examiner test-retest of randomized phobic and control subjects with qualitative, semistructured, informal postint-ervention interview.

SETTING: Private chiropractic clinic.

SUBJECTS: Thirteen phobic individuals, as determined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition-Revised (DSM-III-R), and 14 control volunteer subjects.

INTERVENTION: Manual muscle testing was performed while each subject viewed a threat stimulus (i.e., a cue word on a printed card). The results were recorded as "weak" or "strong."

RESULTS: The analysis of data demonstrates poor inter- (K = -0.19) and intraexaminer reliability (K = -0.14(-) +0.29) the test for independence for valid muscle testing was strong for both examiners (p = .462, p = 1.00). When confounding variables were corrected for, the validity of muscle testing increased to 91%.

CONCLUSION: This preliminary inquiry demonstrates the need for musculoskeletal, attentional and presensitized subject variables to be controlled to ascertain if muscle testing can be reliably used as a tool to identify emotional arousal.

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher. Article only available in print.


 

   Text (Citation) Tagged (Export) Excel
 
Email To
Subject
 Message
Format
HTML Text     Excel



To use this feature you must register a personal account in My ICL. Registration is free! In My ICL you can save your ICL searches in My Searches, and you can save search results in My Collections. Be sure to use the Held Citations feature to collect citations from an entire search session. Read more search tips.

Sign Into Existing My ICL Account    |    Register A New My ICL Account
Search Tips
  • Enclose phrases in "quotation marks".  Examples: "low back pain", "evidence-based"
  • Retrieve all forms of a word with an asterisk*, also called a wildcard or truncation.  Example: chiropract* retrieves chiropractic, chiropractor, chiropractors
  • Register an account in My ICL to save search histories (My Searches) and collections of records (My Collections)
Advanced Search Tips