Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 27466
  Title Effects of transcutaneous occipital nerve stimulation and instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization in chronic migraine
URL https://www.jmptonline.org/article/S0161-4754(22)00137-3/fulltext
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2022 Jul-Aug;45(6):436-447
Author(s)
Subject(s)
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
Abstract/Notes

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of transcutaneous occipital nerve stimulation (TONS) and instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (IASTM) on pain, sleep, and quality of life in patients with chronic migraine.

Methods: Forty-five female patients with chronic migraine were randomly assigned to control (n = 15), IASTM (n = 15), and TONS (n = 15) groups. Neck exercises were given to all groups once per day for 5 weeks. IASTM, using a smooth metal scraping massage tool, was applied to the patients in the IASTM group twice per week for 5 weeks. Patients in the TONS group were treated with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation 3 times per week for 5 weeks. The outcome measures were a Numeric Pain Scale, the Headache Impact Test-6, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and the Short Form-36.

Results: The IASTM and TONS groups had significantly lower mean Headache Impact Test-6 scores than the control group in the last measurement (F = 3.908, P = .028). The IASTM and TONS groups had lower mean Numeric Pain Scale scores than the control group (F = 13.861, P = .001). The IASTM group had a lower mean Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score in the last measurements than the other 2 groups (F = 6.792, P = .003). There was no difference between the groups in the general health perception scores obtained in the last measurements (F = 1.585, P = .217). In the last measurement, the IASTM and TONS groups had higher mean general health scores than the control group.

Conclusion: IASTM and TONS applications reduced head and neck pain and improved sleep and quality of life in patients with chronic migraine. Neither had superiority over the other.

Author keywords: Exercise; Migraine Disorders; Physical Therapy Modalities

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; full text is available by subscription.


 

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