Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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Monday, August 8, 2022
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ID 26865
  Title Effects of thrust magnitude and duration on immediate postspinal manipulation trunk muscle spindle responses
URL https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34103172/
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2021 Jun;44(5):363-371
Author(s)
Subject(s)
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
Abstract/Notes

Objective: The purpose of this study was to characterize trunk muscle spindle responses immediately after high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation (HVLA-SM) delivered at various thrust magnitudes and thrust durations.

Methods: Secondary analysis from multiple studies involving anesthetized adult cats (N = 70; 2.3-6.0 kg) receiving L6 HVLA-SM. Muscle spindle afferent recordings were obtained from L6 dorsal rootlets before, during, and immediately after HVLA-SM. L6 HVLA-SM was delivered posteriorly-to-anteriorly using a feedback motor with peak thrust magnitudes of 25%, 55%, and 85% of cat body weight (BW) and thrust durations of 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, and 250 ms. Time to the first action potential and muscle spindle discharge frequency at 1 and 2 seconds post-HVLA-SM were determined.

Results: A significant association between HVLA-SM thrust magnitude and immediate (≤2 s) muscle spindle response was found (P < .001). For non-control thrust magnitude, pairwise comparisons (25%, 55%, 85% BW), 55% BW thrust magnitude had the most consistent effect on immediate post-HVLA-SM discharge outcomes (false discovery rate < 0.05). No significant association was found between thrust duration and immediate post-HVLA-SM muscle spindle response (P > .05).

Conclusion: The present study found that HVLA-SM thrust magnitudes delivered at 55% BW were more likely to affect immediate (≤2 s) post-HVLA-SM muscle spindle response.

Author keywords: Muscle Spindles; Manipulation, Spinal; Musculoskeletal Manipulations; Neurophysiology; Back Muscles

Author affiliations: CRL: Rehabilitation Science Program, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama; RSS: Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Palmer College of Chiropractic, Davenport, Iowa; ACL, AJN: CORD Program, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama; HS, CPH: Physical Therapy Department, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama; PL: School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama; WRR: Palmer Center for Chiropractic Research, Palmer College of Chiropractic, Davenport, Iowa; Physical Therapy Department, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama
Corresponding author: William R Reed—wreed@uab.edu

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; full text is available by subscription. Click on the above link and select a publisher from PubMed's LinkOut feature.


 

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