Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 26634
  Title Mechanical properties of a thoracic spine mannequin with variable stiffness control
Journal J Chiropr Educ. 2021 Mar;35(1):1-7
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article

Objective: To test the posterior-to-anterior stiffness (PAS) of a new thoracic spine training simulator under different conditions of “fixation.”

Methods: We constructed a thoracic spine model using plastic bones and ribs mounted in a wooden box, with skin and soft tissue simulated by layers of silicone and foam. The spine segment could be stiffened with tension applied to cords running through the vertebrae and ribs. We tested PAS at 2 tension levels using a custom-built device to apply repetitive loads at the T6 spinous process (SP) and over adjacent soft tissue (TP) while measuring load and displacement. Stiffness was the slope of the force-displacement curve from 55 to 75 N.

Results: Stiffness in the unconstrained (zero tension) condition over the SP averaged 11.98 N/mm and 6.72 N/mm over the TP. With tension applied, SP stiffness increased to 14.56 N/mm, and TP decreased to 6.15 N/mm.

Conclusion: Thoracic model compliance was similar to that reported for humans. The tension control system increased stiffness by 21.3% only over the SP. Stiffness over the TP was dominated by the lower stiffness of the thicker foam layer and did not change. The mannequin with these properties may be suitable for use in manual training of adjusting or PAS testing skills.

Author keywords: Palpation, Manipulation, Spinal, Spine, Chiropractic, Education

Author affiliations: Dr Sid E. Williams Center for Chiropractic Research at Life University, Savannah, Georgia, United States
Corresponding author: EFO—

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher. Click on the above link for free full text.  Publisher Record | PubMed Record | PDF


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