Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate short-term effects of the global pelvic manipulation (GPM) on knee joint position sense (JPS).
Methods: This randomized, controlled double-blind trial included 26 asymptomatic participants (X¯± 25.3; standard deviation ± 4.4 years) who were randomly allocated into 2 groups. Sixteen participants were allocated into the experimental group, in which GPM was performed, and the rest of the participants (n = 10) were included in the control group, which received sham ultrasound therapy. Each participant attended 1 session only, and the evaluations were assessed pretreatment and 5 minutes posttreatment through an isokinetic dynamometer (Biodex Medical Systems), in which the data regarding knee JPS ipsilateral to the manipulated sacroiliac joint were collected. Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests were used, with a 95% significance level.
Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the groups concerning active and passive JPS at 30° and 60° (P > .05). The results showed a lack of significant differences between the moments in both groups (P > .05).
Conclusion: This investigation demonstrated that GPM, with high-velocity low-amplitude thrust, has no effect on knee JPS, suggesting that this manipulative technique does not have a relative effect on muscle spindles and Golgi tendon organ activation in asymptomatic participants.
Author keywords: Manipulation, Spinal; Proprioception; Tectum Mesencephali
Author affiliations: Department of Physiotherapy, School of Allied Health Technologies, Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Porto, Portugal
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