Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
My ICL     Sign In
Thursday, February 29, 2024
Index to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic Literature

For best results switch to Advanced Search.
Article Detail
Return to Search Results
ID 26422
  Title Effectiveness of a 12-week physical exercise program on lower-limb malalignment in school-age rugby: A randomized clinical trial
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2020 Jun;43(5):531-538
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Randomized Controlled Trial

Objective: We sought to assess the effectiveness of 12 weeks of a physical exercise program (PEP) in child rugby players with lower-limb overpronation during gait.

Methods: This was a randomized clinical trial. A total of 123 young athletes (mean ± standard deviation age, 10.35 ± 1.22 years) were evaluated, 20 of whom had lower-limb overpronation (n = 40 extremities). Participants were randomly assigned to 2 groups: the experimental group, who performed their normal training and a PEP for 12 weeks, and the control group, who continued with their normal training for the same time. The PEP was focused on stretching the hypertonic muscle and potentiating the weakened muscles of the lower body. All participants underwent biomechanical analysis including the Helbing angle, the femorotibial angle, and the Fick angle in both limbs.

Results: All participants (n = 20) completed the study. Baseline measurements showed no significant differences between groups in any of the variables tested. After 12 weeks, there were significant differences between groups (P < .001 for all angles). No improvement was found in the control group; however, meaningful improvement was found in all variables in the experimental group: Helbing angle (175°, P < .001, effect size [ES] = 1.94), femorotibial angle (173°, P < .001, ES = 1.77), Fick angle (12°, P < .001, ES = 1.55). The number needed to treat was 2 for femorotibial angle and Helbing angle, and 3 for Fick angle.

Conclusion: A 12-week PEP produced significant improvements in these 3 biomechanical variables. We also conclude that young athletes with a pathological gait pattern reached a normal gait pattern.

Author keywords: Musculoskeletal Diseases; Exercise; Sports; Child

Author affiliations: BDLCT: Department of Physiotherapy, University of Seville, Seville, Spain; MDSL: Private sports medicine clinic, Seville, Spain

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; full text is available by subscription. Click on the above link and select a publisher from PubMed's LinkOut feature.


   Text (Citation) Tagged (Export) Excel
Email To
HTML Text     Excel

To use this feature you must register a personal account in My ICL. Registration is free! In My ICL you can save your ICL searches in My Searches, and you can save search results in My Collections. Be sure to use the Held Citations feature to collect citations from an entire search session. Read more search tips.

Sign Into Existing My ICL Account    |    Register A New My ICL Account
Search Tips
  • Enclose phrases in "quotation marks".  Examples: "low back pain", "evidence-based"
  • Retrieve all forms of a word with an asterisk*, also called a wildcard or truncation.  Example: chiropract* retrieves chiropractic, chiropractor, chiropractors
  • Register an account in My ICL to save search histories (My Searches) and collections of records (My Collections)
Advanced Search Tips