Objective: To evaluate the short-term effects of Mulligan's mobilization with movement (MWM) on pain, physical function, emotional aspects, and proprioceptive acuity after a 2-week treatment period and throughout a 3-week follow-up period.
Methods: A single group of 30 participants (60.96 ± 5.16 years) with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (KOA) was evaluated. The protocol involved 5 evaluations moments, before (baseline) and after 2 weeks of intervention (24 hours after the last session), and at 3-week follow-up. The intervention included 3 Mulligan's MWM techniques. The variables evaluated were pain (pressure pain threshold and Visual Numeric Scale), physical function (range of motion, proprioceptive acuity, and the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index) and emotional aspects (Beck Depression Inventory). Analysis of variance for repeated measures was used considering a significance level of 5%.
Results: At the second evaluation (after intervention), the pressure pain threshold presented higher values for rectus femoris, tibialis anterior, and patellar tendon sites and reduced values for the Visual Numeric Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index compared with baseline. Also, during the follow-up period, all variables returned close to baseline levels. Proprioceptive acuity and range of motion did not present significant changes.
Conclusion: Scores for pain relief, physical function, and emotional aspects improved after a course of MWM in this single group of individuals with KOA. Mobilization with movement had limited outcome during follow-up. It suggests that future clinical trials on the use of MWM for KOA should be considered.
Author keywords: Hyperalgesia, Osteoarthritis, Knee, Musculoskeletal Manipulations, Rehabilitation
Author affiliations: Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Uberlândia, Brazil, Uberlândia, MG, Brazil
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