Background: Taping is a common treatment modality used by many rehabilitation providers. Several types of tapes and taping methods are used in the treatment of musculoskeletal dysfunction and pain.
Purpose: To summarize and map the evidence related to taping methods used for various joints and conditions of the musculoskeletal system, and to provide clinicians and researchers with a user-friendly reference with organized evidence tables.
Data sources: The PEDro, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials, PubMed, and PROSPERO databases were searched from inception through October 31, 2019.
Study selection: Eligible studies were selected by two independent reviewers and included either systematic reviews (SRs) or randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and included a musculoskeletal complaint using a clinical outcome measure.
Data extraction: Data was extracted by two investigators independently. Risk of bias and quality were assessed using A MeaSurement Tool to Assess systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) for SRs or the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale for RCTs. The protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42019122857).
Data synthesis: Twenty-five musculoskeletal conditions were summarized from forty-one SRs and 127 RCTs. There were 6 SRs and 49 RCTs for spinal conditions. Kinesio tape was the most common type of tape considered. Four evidence tables representing the synthesized SRs and RCTs were produced and organized by body region per condition.
Limitations: Inclusion of only English language studies. Also, the heterogeneous nature of the included studies prevented a meta-analysis.
Conclusions: There is mixed quality evidence of effectiveness for the different types of taping methods for different body regions and conditions. All of the SRs and RCTs found during our search of the taping literature have been organized into a series of appendices. A synthesis of the results have been placed in evidence tables that may serve as a useful guide to clinicians and researchers.
Author keywords: Taping - Musculoskeletal - Evidence map
Author affiliations: ZAC: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Services, Butler VA Healthcare System, Butler, Pennsylvania, United States; MA: Division of Physical Therapy, School of Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, United States; MA: Department of Physical Therapy, King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; EP: Private Practice, Independence Physical Therapy, Mystic, Connecticut, United States; KSM: VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States; MJS: Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
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