Objective: The purpose of this study was to validate the photogrammetric measurement of the angle of trunk rotation in relation to the scoliometer instrument.
Methods: Fifty-eight prominences from individuals with ages between 7 and 18 and with suspicion of spinal asymmetry (SA) were evaluated through the scoliometer and photogrammetry. The photographs were analyzed in the Digital Image-based Postural Assessment software. For statistical purposes, we used Pearson's correlation test (r), root mean square error, Bland-Altman graphical analysis, and receiver operating characteristic curve. The level of significance was P ≤ .05.
Results: Excellent correlation for the angle of trunk rotation was obtained between the scoliometer and photogrammetry, with a root mean square error of 3°. The Bland-Altman graphical analysis showed equally dispersed data with no participants outside the limits of agreement. The receiver operating characteristic curve evidenced that (1) the cutoff point for the identification of the presence of spinal asymmetry is 4°; (2) mild to moderate SA is between 4° and 7°; (3) moderate to severe SA is above 8°; and (4) sensitivity and specificity were above 83% and 78%, respectively, with an area under the curve ≥ 90%.
Conclusion: Photogrammetry is validated for measuring the angle of trunk rotation, being an accurate and accessible tool for the evaluation of patients with spinal asymmetries.
Author keywords: Scoliosis; Validation Studies; Photogrammetry; Posture; Evaluation Studies
Author affiliations: Biomechanics Department, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
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