Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 25928
  Title Interaction between thoracic movement and lumbar spine muscle activation patterns in young adults asymptomatic for low back pain: A cross-sectional study
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2019 Jul;42(6):461-469
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction between thoracic movement and lumbar muscle co-contraction when the lumbar spine was held in a relatively neutral posture.

METHODS: Thirty young adults, asymptomatic for back pain, performed 10 trials of upright standing, maximum trunk range of motion, and thoracic movement tasks while lumbar muscle activation was measured. Lumbar co-contraction was calculated, compared between tasks, and correlated to thoracic angles.

RESULTS: Movement tasks typically exhibited greater co-contraction than upright standing. Co-contraction in the lumbar musculature was 67%, 45%, and 55% greater than upright standing for thoracic flex, thoracic bend, and thoracic twist, respectively. Generally, the thoracic movement task demonstrated greater co-contraction than the maximum task in the same direction. Co-contraction was also correlated to thoracic angles in each movement direction.

CONCLUSION: Tasks with thoracic movement and a neutral lumbar spine posture resulted in increases in co-contraction within the lumbar musculature compared with quiet standing and maximum trunk range-of-motion tasks. Findings indicated an interaction between the 2 spine regions, suggesting that thoracic posture should be accounted for during the investigation of lumbar spine mechanics.

Author keywords: Spine, Biomechanical Phenomena, Electromyography, Superficial Back Muscles, Abdominal Muscles, Muscle Contraction

Author affiliations: School of Kinesiology & Health Science, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; full text is available by subscription. Click on the above link and select a publisher from PubMed's LinkOut feature.


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