Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 25893
  Title Psychosocial and behavioural characteristics in women with pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain 12 years postpartum
URL https://chiromt.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12998-019-0257-8
Journal Chiropr & Manual Ther. 2019 ;27(34):Online access only 12 p
Author(s)
Subject(s)
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
Abstract/Notes

Background: There is insufficient evidence regarding psychosocial factors and its long-term association with persistent pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain. The overall aim of this study was to investigate women with persistent pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain 12 years postpartum based on psychosocial and behavioural characteristics using the Swedish version of the Multidimensional Pain Inventory (MPI-S) classification system.

Material and methods: This is a cross-sectional study based on a previous cohort. Data collection took place through a questionnaire. A total of 295 women from the initial cohort (n = 639) responded to the questionnaire giving a response rate of 47.3%. To determine the relative risk (RR) of reporting pain 12 years postpartum, a robust modified Poisson regression was used. This is the first study using the MPI-S as a predictive variable on women with persistent pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain.

Results: The MPI-S classification procedure was carried out on a total of n = 226 women, where 53 women were classified as interpersonally distressed (ID), 82 as dysfunctional (DYS), and 91 as adaptive copers (AC). Women in the ID and DYS subgroups had a relative risk (RR) of reporting persistent pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain 12 years postpartum that was more than twice as high compared to the AC subgroup (95% confidence interval (CI) in parenthesis): RR 2.57 (CI 1.76 - 3.75), p<0.0001 and RR 2.23 (CI 1.53 - 3.25), p<0.0001 respectively. Women in the DYS subgroup had more than 5 times increased risk of reporting sick leave the past 12 months compared to the AC subgroup (RR 5.44; CI 1.70 - 17.38, p=0.004).

Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that it is possible to classify women with persistent pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain 12 years postpartum into relevant clinical subgroups based on psychosocial and behavioural characteristics using the MPI-S questionnaire.

Author keywords: Pregnancy-related lumbopelvic pain — Postpartum —  Psychosocial characteristics — MPI — Cross-sectional questionnaire study

Author affiiations: CB, MP, IM: Department of Clinical Sciences, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Umeå University, Sweden; MP: Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Sweden

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; click on the above link for free full text. PubMed Record


 

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