Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
My ICL     Sign In
Saturday, May 25, 2024
Index to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic Literature

For best results switch to Advanced Search.
Article Detail
Return to Search Results
ID 25851
  Title The Morikubo trial: Content analysis of a landmark chiropractic legal case
Journal Chiropr Hist. 2019 Summer;39(1):42-86, 88-116
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article

Background: The Morikubo trial of 1907 has been viewed as the point in history when chiropractic was first seen to be a profession in its own right.  Unfortunately, no court transcript survives which outlines the trial.  Given the importance of the trial, this paper sets out to comprehensively report all available primary sources to determine the most likely facts in this landmark case.

Methods:  Online repositories and gray literature were searched for primary sources.  Content analysis of primary source documents was undertaken.  Data was extracted, coded, and categorized from every primary source document about the trial that could be located in an intensive search as well as documents establishing the context of the trial dating between 1872 to 1909.  The greater the number of independent references for each fact was considered to demonstrate greater likelihood of being a true representation of what occurred.

Results:  The search found 190 primary sources.  A timeline of the trial was established.  Several themes were catagorized from the data.  Morikubo sought out the conflict to test the law.  The philosophy and principles of chiropractic played a significant role in the defense as did the distinct practices and scientific theories of chiropractic, all of which were established in the decade leading up to the trial.  The conflict between the early osteopaths and the chiropractors focused on Wisconsin because of its law licensing osteopaths.  Morikubo was well-educated.  There is no evidence that Solon Langworthy, a 1901 graduate of D.D. Palmer's chiropractic school, played a role in the defense's arguments, nor were his theories included in the early models at the Palmer School before or after his trial.

Conclusion:  Chiropractic was determined in the trial to be separate from osteopathy, with its own scientific rationale, clinical practice, and philosophical perspective.  Decades of incorrect facts from chiropractic and academic sources referencing the trial has led to unwarranted assertions and claims in the literature.  Based on this analysis a reexamination of the chiropractic literature is warranted.  This evidence-based approach establishes a new perspective on the history, the theory, and the practice of chiropractic.

Author affiliations: SAS: The Institute Chiropractic, Foundation for Vertebral Subluxation, School of Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University,  Lismore, New South Wales, Australia; SPM: NatMcd Research Unit and National Centre for Naturopathic Medicine, Southern Cross University, Lismore, New South Wales, Australia

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher. full text is available by subscription.


   Text (Citation) Tagged (Export) Excel
Email To
HTML Text     Excel

To use this feature you must register a personal account in My ICL. Registration is free! In My ICL you can save your ICL searches in My Searches, and you can save search results in My Collections. Be sure to use the Held Citations feature to collect citations from an entire search session. Read more search tips.

Sign Into Existing My ICL Account    |    Register A New My ICL Account
Search Tips
  • Enclose phrases in "quotation marks".  Examples: "low back pain", "evidence-based"
  • Retrieve all forms of a word with an "asterisk*", also called a wildcard or truncation.  Example: "chiropract*" retrieves chiropractic, chiropractor, chiropractors
  • Register an account in My ICL to save search histories (My Searches) and collections of records (My Collections)
Advanced Search Tips