Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 25786
  Title The tonic protective reflexes: A proposed nomenclature and classifications system
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1980 Dec;3(4):244-252
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article

A reivew of the literature relating to "sustained muscle contraction as a consequence of noxious stimulation," elicits a plethora of different terms in which the muscle reactions are basically the same: spasm, joint fixation, muscle rigidity, joint hypomobility, acute torticolis, et. Insofar as these terms refer to a specific, definable entity, a nomenclature and classification system is proposed for the reflex consequences of sustained noxious stimulation. The relevance of the proposal to differential diagnosis and research is discussed.

Author keywords: phasic protective reflexes, tonic protective reflexes classification and nomenclature

Author affiliation: Associate Professor of Anatomy, National College of Chiropractic

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