Upper extremity conditions are a common musculoskeletal complaint. Establishing an accurate diagnosis for upper extremity conditions is intended to guide clinical management and improve patient care. The purpose ofthis article is to provide an overview of the evidence-based orthopedic physical exams for many upper extremity conditions. We have attempted to emphasize orthopedic physical exams that have demonstrated the highest diagnostic utility, or to point out when no such test exists. We encourage clinicians to utilize an evidence-based approach to clinical care, which deliberately combines the clinician’s expertise with the best available research evidence and the patient’s preferences, in an attempt to provide optimal patient care.
Author keywords: Evidence Based Practice; Chiropractic; Differential Diagnosis; Injuries, Arm; Injuries, Shoulder; Injuries, Forearm; Injuries, Wrist
Author affiliations: CBR: Assistant Professor, Palmer College of Chiropractic Life Science & Foundations Department; MA: Part-Time Faculty, Palmer College of Chiropractic Technique Department
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