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Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 25349
  Title Comparison of treatment outcomes in nonspecific low-back pain patients with and without modic changes who receive chiropractic treatment
URL https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30442355
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2018 Sep;41(7):561-570
Author(s)
Subject(s)
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
Abstract/Notes

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine if there was a difference in outcomes in patients with nonspecific low back pain, both with and without Modic changes (MCs), who received chiropractic care.

Methods: This prospective outcomes study included 112 patients with low back pain without disc herniation on magnetic resonance imaging. All patients were treated with spinal manipulative therapy. At baseline, the numerical rating scale (NRS) and Bournemouth Questionnaire (BQ) for disability were collected. The NRS, BQ, and Patient’s Global Impression of Change (primary outcome) were collected at the follow-up time points of 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months to assess overall improvement. Magnetic resonance imaging scans were analyzed for the presence of MCs and, if present, classified as Modic I or II. The χ2 test was used to compare the proportion of patients reporting clinically relevant “improvement” between patients with and without MCs and between Modic I and Modic II patients. The unpaired Student t test was used to compare NRS and BQ at baseline and change scores at all follow-up time points.

Results: For the primary outcome measure, the proportion of patients reporting relevant “improvement” (Patient’s Global Impression of Change), and for the secondary outcome measures (NRS and BQ change scores), there were no significant differences between Modic positive and Modic negative patients or between Modic I and Modic II patients.

Conclusion: Neither the presence nor absence of MCs nor the Modic change category were related to treatment outcomes for patients with low back pain without disc herniation who received chiropractic care.

Author keywords: Diagnostic Imaging, Chiropractic, Outcome Assessment (Heath Care), Manipulation, Spinal

Author affiliations: Chiropractic Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zurich, Orthopaedic University Hospital Balgrist, Zürich, Switzerland

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; full text is available by subscription. Click on the above link and select a publisher from PubMed's LinkOut feature.


 

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