Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 25177
  Title Can chiropractors contribute to work disability prevention through sickness absence management for musculoskeletal disorders? - A comparative qualitative case study in the Scandinavian context
URL https://chiromt.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12998-018-0184-0
Journal Chiropr & Manual Ther. 2018 ;26(15):Online access only 12 p
Author(s)
Subject(s)
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
Abstract/Notes

Background: Despite extensive publication of clinical guidelines on how to manage musculoskeletal pain and back pain in particular, these efforts have not significantly translated into decreases in work disability due to musculoskeletal pain. Previous studies have indicated a potential for better outcomes by formalized, early referral to allied healthcare providers familiar with occupational health issues. Instances where allied healthcare providers of comparable professional characteristics, but with differing practice parameters, can highlight important social and organisational strategies useful for informing policy and practice. Currently, Norwegian chiropractors have legislated sickness certification rights, whereas their Danish and Swedish counterparts do not. Against the backdrop of legislative variation, we described, compared and contrasted the views and experiences of Scandinavian chiropractors engaging in work disability prevention and sickness absence management.

Methods: This study was embedded in a two-phased, sequential exploratory mixed-methods design. In a comparative qualitative case study design, we explored the experience of chiropractors regarding sickness absence management drawn from face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. We subsequently coded and thematically restructured their experiences and perceptions.


Results: Twelve interviews were conducted. Thematically, chiropractors’ capacity to support patients in sickness absence management revolved around four key issues: issues of legislation and politics; the rationale for being a sickness absence management partner; whether an integrated sickness absence management pathway existed/could be created; and finally, the barriers to service provision for sickness absence management.

Conclusion: Allied health providers, in this instance chiropractors, with patient management expertise can fulfil a key role in sickness absence management and by extension work disability prevention when these practices are legislatively supported. In cases where these practices occur informally, however, practitioners face systemic-related issues and professional self-image challenges that tend to hamper them in fulfilling a more integrated role as providers of work disability prevention practices.

Author keywords: Chiropractic — Policy — Work disability prevention — Sickness absence — Qualitative-Interview

Author affiliations:  MJS: Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Odense, Denmark; MJS, OKL, CGN, CM: Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark; OKL: Horten, Norway; IA: Unit of Intervention and Implementation Research for Worker Health, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden;  JH: Falkenberg, Sweden; OCK: Sandefjord, Norway; OCK: Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

 

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; click on the above link for free full text.  PubMed Record


 

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