Objective: The purpose of this study was to review the literature on current challenges and propose solutions for the optimal utilization of the electronic health records (EHRs) in chiropractic practice.
Methods: A search was performed in the PubMed, Index of Chiropractic Literature, and Current Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases from November 2005 to February 2015. A combination of the following key words was used: electronic health records, electronic medical records, implementation, documentation, benefits, and challenges. Articles were categorized into common problems and solutions. These were filtered by application to chiropractic or educational institutions.
Results: The search resulted in 45 papers, which included case reports of EHR implementation, governmental insurance reports, commentaries, controlled studies, narrative reviews of past experiences with conversion from paper systems, and the implementation of EHRs in small offices and chiropractic offices. Minimal literature was found that directly related to chiropractic EHRs. Improper utilization, incorrect use of the software, faulty implementation, workflow burdens, financial considerations, and insufficient training were found to negatively affect the quality of the record.
Conclusions: Documentation errors are often innate in the EHR software. Improper utilization, insufficient training, or difficulty in integration of the EHR into the clinical office setting results in poor implementation of the electronic version of the clinical record. Solutions that may decrease documentation errors include EHR training, continued financial incentives, and appropriate implementation process and utilization of available software features.
Author keywords: Electronic Health Records; Chiropractic; Health Education; Ethics
Author affiliation: Texas Chiropractic College. Clinical Sciences (United States / Texas / Pasadena)
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