Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the intrarater reliability of a skin-surface instrument (Spinal Mouse, Idiag, Voletswil, Switzerland) in measuring standing sagittal curvature and global mobility of the spine in older women with and without hyperkyphosis.
Methods: Measurements were made in 19 women with hyperkyphosis (thoracic kyphosis angle ≥50°), mean age 67 ± 5 years, and 14 women without hyperkyphosis (thoracic kyphosis angle <50°), mean age 63 ± 6 years. Sagittal thoracic and lumbar curvature and mobility of the spine were assessed with the Spinal Mouse during neutral standing, full spinal flexion, and full spinal extension. Tests were performed by the same examiner on 2 days with a 72-hour interval. The intrarater reliability of the measurements was analyzed using the intraclass correlation coefficient, standard error of measurement and minimal detectable change.
Results: Intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.89 to 0.99 in both groups. The standard errors of measurement ranged from 1.02° to 2.06° in the hyperkyphosis group and from 1.15° to 2.22° in the normal group. The minimal detectable change ranged from 2.85° to 5.73° in the hyperkyphosis group and from 3.20° to 6.17° in the normal group.
Conclusions: Our results indicated that the Spinal Mouse has excellent intrarater reliability for the measurement of sagittal thoracic and lumbar curvature and mobility of the spine in older women.
Author keywords: Spinal Curvatures; Range of Motion; Aging; Kyphosis; Reliability of Results
Author affiliations: TR, MKZ, AR, MFD: Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. School of Rehabilitation. Department of Physiotherapy,, (Iran / Tehran); ST: Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. Department of Physiotherapy. School of Rehabilitation (Iran / Tehran); AAB: Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. School of Rehabilitation. Proteomics Research Center (Iran / Tehran); NK, WK: University of California. Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences (United States / California / San Francisco)
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