Objectives: A total of 75% of the chiropractic medicine students in the new program at the University of Zürich are women, which is in stark contrast to the traditional ratio of chiropractors in Switzerland, where 75% have been men. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare work behaviors between female and male chiropractors relating to workload, patient variety, and chiropractic treatment techniques.
Methods: This is a secondary analysis of data from the Swiss Job Analysis 2009 study. The design was an online survey to all practicing chiropractors in Switzerland that had a 70% response rate of 183 returned surveys. Differences between male and female chiropractors in the various categorical responses involving practice workload, characteristics and patient types were compared using the χ2 test.
Results: Male chiropractors had significantly more years in practice (P = .0001), worked more hours per week (P = .0001), and saw more patients (P = .0001) and more new patients (P = .004) per week compared with female chiropractors. Female chiropractors spent significantly more time with patients during follow-up visits (P = .017). There were no significant differences in treatment techniques used or the types of patients seen between the sexes.
Conclusion: Because female chiropractors work fewer hours and see fewer patients per week, this may lead to a shortage of chiropractors in the future as the sex ratio within the profession slowly changes in Switzerland.
Author keywords: Career Choice; Chiropractic; Practice PatternsPhysicians'
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