Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 24097
  Title Is back pain during childhood or adolescence associated with muscle strength, muscle endurance or aerobic capacity: Three systematic literature reviews with one meta-analysis [systematic review]
URL http://www.chiromt.com/content/23/1/21
Journal Chiropr & Manual Ther. 2015 ;23(21):Online access only 12 p
Author(s)
Subject(s)
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Systematic Review
Abstract/Notes
Background: Back pain is a common condition during childhood and adolescence. The causes of back pain are largely unknown but it seems plausible that some physical factors such as back muscle strength, back muscle endurance and aerobic capacity may play a role in its development, in particular in the early years.
 
Objectives: The objectives of this review were to investigate in childhood and adolescence 1) if muscular strength in trunk extension is associated with back pain, 2) if muscular endurance in trunk extension is associated with back pain and 3) if aerobic capacity is associated with back pain.
 
Design: Three systematic critical literature reviews with one meta-analysis.
 
Methods: Systematic searches were made in June 2014 in PubMed, Embase and SportDiscus including longitudinal, retrospective or cross-sectional studies on back pain for subjects <20 years. Articles were accepted if they were written in French or English. The review process followed the AMSTAR recommendations. The possibility of conducting a meta-analysis was assessed for each research question.
 
Results: Four articles were included for the first objective, four for the second and three for the last. None of the included articles found an association between back muscle strength in extension and back pain. For the second objective, a protective association between back muscle endurance in extension and back pain was found, later confirmed in a meta-analysis (OR = 0.75, 95 % CI 0.58-0.98). The association between aerobic capacity and back pain is not clear.
 
Conclusions: High back muscle endurance in extension appears protective of back pain in youngsters, but the roles of high back muscle strength in extension and aerobic capacity are less clear.
 
This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; click on the above link for free full text.

 

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