Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
My ICL     Sign In
Wednesday, October 4, 2023
Index to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic Literature

For best results switch to Advanced Search.
Article Detail
Return to Search Results
ID 23911
  Title Utilizing electric muscle stimulation and ultrasound [audio lecture]
Journal DC Tracts. 2014 Fall;26(3):2
Peer Review No
Publication Type Audio Lecture

Lecture 1 Outline:
I. Electrotherapy terminology
      A. Coulomb
      B. Ampere
      C. Volt
      D. Ohm
      E. Impedance
      F. Resistance
      G. Inductance
      H. Capacitance
      I. Ohm's Law

II. Electrical Therapeutic Waveforms
      A. Interferential current
           1. true IFC
           2. larger areas
           3. interference of two waves
               a. heterodyne
               b. deeper tissue penetration in

     B. Premodulated current (PreMod)
           1. current mosulated before reaching tissue
           2. does not penetrate the tissues as deeply as IFC
           3. good for smaller, superficial areas
           4. characteristic "burst" wave

     C. Russian current
           1. 10/10 for fatiguing the muscle and reducing spasm
           2. 10/50 for re-education and rehabilitation purposes

     D. Hi-voltage pulsed current
           1. characteristic twin-peak monophasic current
           2. allows for deeper penetration with a greater current
           3. lower average current
           4. monopolar electrode placement active and dispersive

III  Therapeutic ultrasound
       A. Sound waves at high frequencies
       B. Deep heating modality in a continuous setting
       C. Mechanical when in a pulsed setting
       D. Conducting media
            1. gel pads
            2. underwater

IV   Review of presentations
       A. Inferential current
       B. Premodulated current
       C. Hi-volt pulsed current
       D. Ultrasound

Full text is available by subscription.



   Text (Citation) Tagged (Export) Excel
Email To
HTML Text     Excel

To use this feature you must register a personal account in My ICL. Registration is free! In My ICL you can save your ICL searches in My Searches, and you can save search results in My Collections. Be sure to use the Held Citations feature to collect citations from an entire search session. Read more search tips.

Sign Into Existing My ICL Account    |    Register A New My ICL Account
Search Tips
  • Enclose phrases in "quotation marks".  Examples: "low back pain", "evidence-based"
  • Retrieve all forms of a word with an asterisk*, also called a wildcard or truncation.  Example: chiropract* retrieves chiropractic, chiropractor, chiropractors
  • Register an account in My ICL to save search histories (My Searches) and collections of records (My Collections)
Advanced Search Tips