Between 1910 and 1930, chiropractic in New Zealand grew with rapidity from the practice of a singular, self-trained practitioner to become a burgeoning medical heterodoxy with its own professional association. This article examines the early development of chiropractic in New Zealand, finding that it converted patients into practitioners, preferred not to "mix" with other healing modalities, was masculine as opposed to feminine, and boldly presented itself as "the science by which the cause of disease is removed by spinal adjustments."
After examining the lives and advertising of some of the first chiropractors to ply their trade in New Zealand, the article follows the formation and early activities of the New Zealand Chiropractors' Association (NZCA), providing insight into some of the early challenges facing the mascent profession from both within and without. It concludes with the 1930 visit of Bartlett Joshua (B.J.) Palmer to New Zealand, whose mixed reception among local chiropractors reflected their increasing independence from, and uneasy relationship with, the American origins of their discipline.
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