Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
My ICL     Sign In
Saturday, May 25, 2024
Index to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic Literature

For best results switch to Advanced Search.
Article Detail
Return to Search Results
ID 23315
  Title Influence of foot orthotics upon duration of effects of spinal manipulation in chronic back pain patients: A randomized clinical trial [randomized controlled trial]
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2014 Feb;37(2):124-140
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Randomized Controlled Trial

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 4 weeks of custom foot orthotics on pain, disability, recurrence of spinal fixation, and muscle dysfunction in adult low back pain patients receiving limited chiropractic care.

Methods: Adult volunteers with low back pain of greater than or equal to 1 month's duration were randomized to receive custom orthotics (group A) or a flat insole sham (group B) with limited chiropractic care in 5 visits over 4 weeks. Primary outcome measures are as follows: Quadruple Numerical Pain Rating Scale (for back), the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, the number of muscles grade 4 or lower on manual muscle testing, and the number of spinal fixations detected by motion palpation and vertebral challenge at intake (B1), 2 weeks later before treatment began and orthotic use was initiated (B2) and before each subsequent treatment at approximately days 3, 10, 17, and 24 after B2. Secondary outcome measures are correlations of all primary outcomes.

Results: Both groups improved on all Numerical Pain Rating Scale, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire, and the number of muscles from intake (B1) to final visit. Only group B yielded significant improvements in the number of spinal fixations. No outcome measures showed statistical difference between groups at any time point; however, those who wore custom orthotics longer each day showed trends toward greater improvements in some outcome measures.

Conclusions: Both groups improved with chiropractic care including spinal manipulation; however, there were no statistical differences shown between sham and custom orthotic groups. Future studies should formally measure the time that orthotics or shams are worn in a weight-bearing capacity each day.

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; full text is available by subscription. Click on the above link and select a publisher from PubMed’s LinkOut feature.


   Text (Citation) Tagged (Export) Excel
Email To
HTML Text     Excel

To use this feature you must register a personal account in My ICL. Registration is free! In My ICL you can save your ICL searches in My Searches, and you can save search results in My Collections. Be sure to use the Held Citations feature to collect citations from an entire search session. Read more search tips.

Sign Into Existing My ICL Account    |    Register A New My ICL Account
Search Tips
  • Enclose phrases in "quotation marks".  Examples: "low back pain", "evidence-based"
  • Retrieve all forms of a word with an "asterisk*", also called a wildcard or truncation.  Example: "chiropract*" retrieves chiropractic, chiropractor, chiropractors
  • Register an account in My ICL to save search histories (My Searches) and collections of records (My Collections)
Advanced Search Tips