Myofascial pain syndrome is a clinical condition that has been increasingly recognized over the past thirty years. Myofascial pain syndrome is characterized by the presence of hyperirritable nodules, called myofascial trigger points, which cause chronic pain within a single quadrant of the body. This article will provide an overview of the diagnosis of myofascial pain syndrome as well as the most common forms of management for this condition. Additionally, this article proposes the use of a subset of myofascial trigger point diagnostic criteria in an attempt standardize the identification of myofascial pain syndrome across various health care practitioners. It is recommended that clinicians incorporate the patient’s preferences, the clinician’s previous experiences, and the best available evidence in an attempt to provide evidence-based care for patients with myofascial pain syndrome.
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