Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 23132
  Title Comparison of chiropractic student scores before and after utilizing active learning techniques in a classroom setting
Journal J Chiropr Educ. 2013 Fall;27(2):116-122
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
Objective: We report the differences in final examination scores achieved by students at the culmination of two different teaching strategies in an introductory skills course.
Methods: Multiple choice examination scores from six consecutive academic calendar sessions over 18 months (n = 503) were compared. Two groups were used: Cohort A (n = 290) represented students who were enrolled in the course 3 consecutive academic sessions before an instructional change and Cohort B (n = 213) included students who were enrolled in 3 consecutive academic sessions following the instructional change, which included a more active learning format. Statistical analyses used were 2-tailed independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Tukey's honestly significant difference (HSD), and effect size.
Results: The 2-tailed independent t-test revealed a significant difference between the two groups (t = −3.71, p < .001; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.29–4.20). Significant difference was found in the highest performing subgroup compared to the lowest performing subgroup in Cohort A (F = 3.343, p = .037). For Cohort A subgroups 1 and 2, Tukey's HSD was p < .028. In Cohort B, no difference was found among subgroups (F = 1.912, p = .150, HSD p > .105).
Conclusion: Compared to previous versions of the same course taught by the same instructor, the students in the new course design performed better, suggesting that using active learning techniques helps improve student achievement.
This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; click on the above link for free full text.



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