Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 22962
  Title On vaccination & chiropractic: When ideology, history, perception, politics and jurisprudence collide
Journal J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2013 Sep;57(3):205-213
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
The Palmers espoused anti-vaccination opinions in the early part of the 20th century, rejecting the germ theory of disease in favor of a worldview that a subluxation-free spine, achieved by spinal adjustments, would result in an unfettered innate intelligence; this, along with other healthful lifestyle choices, would allow a person to thwart disease by marshaling the body’s natural recuperative abilities. Some chiropractors continue to staunchly champion the Palmer postulates, while others do not. At the national level, advocacy organizations publish conflicting position statements. We explore how this divisiveness has impacted chiropractic ideology, perceptions among students and practitioners, politics and issues of jurisprudence as reflected by the evolution of a standard of chiropractic practice in at least one Canadian province (Ontario). We opine that the chiropractic profession should champion a health promotion and disease prevention approach to vaccination, which would allow it to align itself with the broader healthcare community while not abandoning its traditional tenets.

Au début du 20e siècle, les Palmer ont soutenu des opinions anti-vaccination, rejetant la théorie microbienne des maladies en faveur d’une idée répandue mondialement suivant laquelle une colonne vertébrale sans subluxation, résultat d’ajustements vertébraux, se traduirait par une intelligence innée et sans contrainte. Ceci, accompagné d’autres choix sains de mode de vie, permettrait à une personne d’écarter les maladies en faisant appel aux capacités de récupération naturelles de son corps. Certains chiropraticiens continuent de défendre farouchement la thèse de Palmer, alors que d’autres s’y opposent. À l’échelle nationale, divers groupes de défense publient des opinions contradictoires. Nous examinons l’impact de cette divergence d’opinion sur l’idéologie de la chiropratique, les perceptions des étudiants et des praticiens, les politiques et les enjeux de jurisprudence, comme le reflète l’évolution de normes de pratique de la chiropratique dans au moins une province canadienne (Ontario). Nous sommes d’avis que la profession de la chiropratique devrait favoriser une approche de promotion de la santé et de prévention des maladies concernant la vaccination, ce qui lui permettra de s’harmoniser avec le reste de la communauté médicale sans pour autant abandonner ses principes traditionnels.

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