Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 22829
  Title An investigation of musculoskeletal dysfunctions in infants including a case series of KISS-diagnosed children
Journal J Clin Chiropr Pediatr. 2012 Jun;13(1):958-967
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article

Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe etiology, presentation and treatment of musculoskeletal issues in early infancy by integrating a case series of infants diagnosed with kinematic imbalance due to suboccipital sprain (KISS) and treated in a teaching clinic in the United Kingdom with a critical review of the concept of KISS. The concept has been developed by Heiner Biedermann and medical doctors in Germany and contributed significantly to the development of manual therapy in children in that country.

Methods: A literature review was conducted. The search was focused on German studies about KISS syndrome and English studies about musculoskeletal issues in infants. Search strategy: ZDB, ZB MED and PubMed and hand search in German libraries. The data were collected by survey via a data collection system and files in the Anglo European College of Chiropractic (AECC) teaching clinic.

Results: The primary differences between the diagnosis and treatment recommended by Biedermann and that in the AECC clinic are: 1) the recommended use of x-ray prior to treatment by Biedermann, and 2) recommended force used in treatment (4 N at AECC versus 70 N with Biedermann).

Conclusion: Musculoskeletal issues caused by birth and intrauterine posture are commonly observable and early treatment is often recommended; however, the grounding in evidence is not yet known. What this study adds to the literature is that:

  • Radiologic evaluation of every child cannot be justified without any red flags due to known radiation hazards.
  • Different treatments involve very different forces. Future studies about effectiveness and safety should focus on specific treatment style and force.
  • There is no genetic component to develop KISS syndrome and the predisposition of male sex is more likely related to a bigger than average size at birth.

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; click on the above link for free full text.

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