When the chiropractic profession was born, exercise was considered that of a recreational activity such as taking a walk in the great outdoors. Neither medicine nor chiropractic utilized exercise in the modern sense in the care or treatment of injured or ailing patients until the onset of World War I. Wartime created the need for rehabilitative services which cemented physical therapy into a profession within the medical culture, especially after World War II. Though chiropractic chose to remain a distinct discipline, chiropractic treatment was a popular issue during the post-war era. The use of exercise as a treatment modality for chiropractic patients increased significantly throughout history. Today, exercise, either as prevention or rehabilitation, is instrumental in the health and well-being of the human population, and is supported in allopathic medicine, chiropractic medicine, and by the United States government through its public health initiative, Healthy People 2020.
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