Methods: Eighteen participants with existing or a history of neck pain were screened by 2 investigators independently for muscle weakness of shoulder external rotators. Fifteen qualified participants underwent shoulder external rotator strength testing with a handheld dynamometer. Each participant was tested 6 times, twice before, immediately after, and at 10, 20, and 30 minutes after a C5-6 joint mobilization on the involved side. The 2 strength data collected before the mobilization were used to determine intratester reliability.
Results: The intratester reliability of the shoulder external rotator strength was excellent (intraclass correlation coefficient3,2 = 0.985). One-way analysis of variance with repeated measures showed a statistical significance in strength data (P = .002). Post hoc tests revealed a significant increase between prejoint mobilization and immediately postjoint mobilization (P = .003) and between pre joint mobilization and 10-minute post joint mobilization (P < .001).
Conclusions: The results of the study suggest that C5-6 joint mobilization increases muscle strength of the shoulder external rotators immediately and its effect carries over for 10 minutes but not after 20 minutes.
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