Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 20723
  Title A noncontiguous 2-level spinal injury in a young female driver due to a 3-point seat belt restraint [case report]
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19748411
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2009 Sep;32(7):592-596
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Subject(s)
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Case Report
Abstract/Notes OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this case is to describe noncontiguous fracture and dislocations of the thoracolumbosacral spine in a 23-year-old female driver with a 3-point seat belt restraint.

CLINICAL FEATURES: A 23-year-old woman presented to us after a motor vehicle accident while driving with a 3-point seat belt restraint. She was neurologically intact except for loss of motor function in the distribution of the L5 nerve root in the right lower limb. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed fracture and dislocation of T3 with considerable retrolisthesis and complete anterolisthesis of L5 over the sacrum.

INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: Both fractures were reduced and fixed with bone graft and instrumentation. She was discharged a month later without any further neurologic deterioration.

CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this case is the first report in the literature of a seat belt safety restraint causing 2 noncontiguous fracture dislocations of the spine. Although the consensus is that seat belts can prevent most spine injuries, this case shows that the seat belt can be a contributor to spine injury. It shows that the shoulder-lap restraint can act as 2 fulcrums at the upper and lower bands causing 2 separate fracture dislocations. A thorough radiologic evaluation of the spine with respect to the clinical findings is mandatory in seat belt-restrained road traffic accidents cases.

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher. Click on the above link for the PubMed record for this document; full text by subscription. Select a publisher from PubMed's Links>>Linkout


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