Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
My ICL     Sign In
Friday, August 19, 2022
Index to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic LiteratureIndex to Chiropractic Literature

For best results switch to Advanced Search.
Article Detail
Return to Search Results
ID 1999
  Title The sacroiliac joint: A review of anatomy and biomechanics with clinical implications
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1997 Nov-Dec;20(9):607-617
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Review

OBJECTIVE: To examine the biomedical literature pertaining to the anatomy and biomechanics of the sacroiliac (SI) joint to update current concepts and treatment of SI joint dysfunctions.

DATA COLLECTION: The biomedical literature was reviewed for articles containing information on the anatomy, mechanics, dysfunction and treatment of the SI articulation. Emphasis was placed on information published in the past decade. Textbooks and prior reviews were used to compare past and present information.

RESULTS: The anatomy and mechanics of the SI joint and surrounding tissues are much more complex than taught in chiropractic colleges and technique systems. The motion of the joint is complex, involving simultaneous rotations of 3 degrees or less and translations of 2 mm or less in three dimensions. The axes of motion for the SI joint are not straightforward and are largely dependent upon the surface topography of the joints. Traditional chiropractic types of dysfunctions and displacements are oversimplified and specific SI joint adjustments have not been demonstrated to correct these displacements. The primary function of the integrated SI system is the transmission and dissipation of mechanical forces. History, physical examination and clinical diagnostic tests have failed to demonstrate predictive validity for true SI dysfunction.

CONCLUSION: Treatment of the SI articulation is difficult and all known SI joint tests have questionable validity, with the exception of pain provocation tests. Clinical treatment should be aimed at improving the stability of the surrounding soft tissues and at reducing mechanical stresses and strains from poor posture or using orthotics to level the sacral base. Much more research is needed in the treatment of this area.

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher. Article only available in print.


   Text (Citation) Tagged (Export) Excel
Email To
HTML Text     Excel

To use this feature you must register a personal account in My ICL. Registration is free! In My ICL you can save your ICL searches in My Searches, and you can save search results in My Collections. Be sure to use the Held Citations feature to collect citations from an entire search session. Read more search tips.

Sign Into Existing My ICL Account    |    Register A New My ICL Account
Search Tips
  • Enclose phrases in "quotation marks".  Examples: "low back pain", "evidence-based"
  • Retrieve all forms of a word with an asterisk*, also called a wildcard or truncation.  Example: chiropract* retrieves chiropractic, chiropractor, chiropractors
  • Register an account in My ICL to save search histories (My Searches) and collections of records (My Collections)
Advanced Search Tips