Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 19409
  Title Prevalence of modic degenerative marrow changes in the cervical spine
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2007 Jan;30(1):5-10
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
Abstract/Notes OBJECTIVE: The prevalence and distribution of Modic degenerative marrow changes as seen on magnetic resonance imaging scans have been reported for the lumbar spine, and research suggests that type 1 Modic changes are linked to low back pain. The purpose of this study was to report on the prevalence, types, and distribution of the changes found for the cervical spine.

METHODS: One hundred thirty-three cervical spine T(1)-weighted and T(2)-weighted sagittal magnetic resonance imaging scans were viewed retrospectively by two radiologists. Data were recorded for patient age, patient sex, and the presence or absence of Modic changes. If Modic changes were present, then the precise vertebral levels of these changes and the specific Modic type were recorded. Descriptive statistics were calculated for the prevalence of Modic changes overall, the prevalence of types 1, 2, and 3 changes, and the prevalence in male vs female patients. The frequency of these changes by spinal level was also determined.

RESULTS: One hundred eighteen patients met the inclusion criteria. Modic changes were seen in 19 patients (16%), with 4 showing changes in more than one segmental level. The most common Modic change observed was type 1. Type 3 marrow changes were the second most common category to be noted. Only 3 patients had Modic type 2 marrow changes. The most common cervical spinal level to show Modic changes was C5-6.

CONCLUSIONS: Modic degenerative bone marrow changes are observed in the cervical spine, with the C5-6 level being the most commonly involved. Unlike in the lumbar spine in which Modic type 2 changes predominate, type 1 marrow changes were far more common in the cervical spine. Further studies should focus on the clinical relevance of these findings.

First author: Cynthia K. Peterson

Click on the above link for the PubMed record for this article; full text by subscription. This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher. DOI Link

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