Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 19294
  Title Biopsychosocial model of pain and it relevance to chiropractors
Journal Chiropr J Aust. 2006 Sep;36(3):82-91
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
Abstract/Notes Objective: To present and discuss the biopsychosocial model of pain and its relevance to chiropractors. Data Sources. The current scientific literature was examined using the medlineâ database and mantisâ databases.

Study Selection: Searches of the term biopsychosocial in the literature resulted in 1622 journal citations. This number was reduced with additional searches; 112 citations satisfied the final search criteria and pertained to the discussion.

Data Extraction: The journals were selected based on relevance to the biopsychosocial model of pain, acute and chronic pain states, operant and cognitive behavioural principles and the human response to stressful stimuli. Discussion is presented on how these principles may relate to chiropractic management in the broader context.

Data Synthesis: From the literature, we found that pain has traditionally been reported as an elusive condition with numerous causes. Many variables influence pain behaviours and include the biological, physiological and psychological. These factors appear to be interrelated and provide a basis for a holistic biopsychosocial approach to the management of pain in a patient-centred approach to care.

Conclusion: The application of principles inherent in the biopsychosocial model of pain should receive widespread acknowledgement and utilisation by chiropractors. It is only with the appropriate inclusion of mind-body approaches to management that the full impact of pain and disease may be addressed. Further research is warranted to test the usefulness of mind-body approaches in the delivery of chiropractic services.

This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher; full text (print only) by subscription.

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