Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 18556
  Title Paraspinal muscle spindle responses to the duration of a spinal manipulation under force control
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006 Jan;29(1):22-31
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
Abstract/Notes OBJECTIVE: More than 90% of chiropractic patients receive high-velocity, low-amplitude spinal manipulation (HVLA-SM) as part of their chiropractic care. The purpose of the current study was determine how the duration of a lumbar HVLA-SM given under force control affects the discharge of paraspinal muscle spindle afferents.

METHODS: Experiments were performed on deeply anesthetized adult cats treated in accordance with the Guiding Principles in the Care and Use of Animals approved by the American Physiological Society. Muscle spindle afferents were identified in the dorsal roots. Neural activity was recorded from individual spindles located in the low back predominately from multifidus and longissimus muscles. Spinal manipulative loads were applied to the L6 vertebra. Force-time profiles were half-sine waves with impulse durations of 25, 50, 100, 200, 400, and 800 milliseconds, delivered at constant magnitudes of 33%, 66%, or 100% body weight. The relationships between spinal manipulation duration and muscle spindle responses were determined using a randomized block design.

RESULTS: Mean instantaneous discharge frequency increased with decreasing impulse duration. There appeared to be a threshold effect for impulse duration below which the increase in muscle spindle discharge changed greatly with decreasing impulse duration and above which the discharge did not substantially change with decreasing impulse duration. This threshold was in the vicinity of the duration of an HVLA-SM applied clinically (less than or=200 milliseconds). After the manipulation, muscle spindle afferents often became silent, but manipulation duration had little effect on this duration and also had little effect on the time it took for the afferents to recover their initial resting discharge.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that one biomechanical characteristic of an HVLA-SM is its capacity to load paraspinal muscle spindles at a rate where their velocity sensitivity predominates over their length sensitivity.

Click on the above link for the PubMed record for this article; full text by subscription. The abstract is reproduced here with the permission of the publisher.
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