Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 18190
  Title Anatomic and functional leg-length inequality: A review and recommendation for clinical decision-making. Part I, anatomic leg-length inequality: Prevalence, magnitude, effects and clinical significance
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1232860/
Journal Chiropr & Osteopat. 2005 ;13(1):Online access only 32 p
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Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
Abstract/Notes BACKGROUND: Leg-length inequality is most often divided into two groups: anatomic and functional. Part I of this review analyses data collected on anatomic leg-length inequality relative to prevalence, magnitude, effects and clinical significance. Part II examines the functional "short leg" including anatomic-functional relationships, and provides an outline for clinical decision-making.

METHODS: Online database--Medline, CINAHL and MANTIS--and library searches for the time frame of 1970-2005 were done using the term "leg-length inequality".

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Using data on leg-length inequality obtained by accurate and reliable x-ray methods, the prevalence of anatomic inequality was found to be 90%, the mean magnitude of anatomic inequality was 5.2 mm (SD 4.1). The evidence suggests that, for most people, anatomic leg-length inequality does not appear to be clinically significant until the magnitude reaches approximately 20 mm (approximately 3/4").

CONCLUSION: Anatomic leg-length inequality is near universal, but the average magnitude is small and not likely to be clinically significant.

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