Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 17967
  Title Recruiting seniors with chronic low back pain for a randomized controlled trial of a self-management program
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2005 Feb;28(2):97-102
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Randomized Controlled Trial
Abstract/Notes OBJECTIVE: To identify recruitment challenges and elucidate specific strategies that enabled recruitment of seniors for a randomized trial on low back pain comparing the Chronic Disease Self-management Program of the Stanford University to a 6-month wait-list control group.

DESIGN: Recruitment for a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community-based program offered at 12 locations.

PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling seniors 60 years and older with chronic low back pain of mechanical origin.

METHODS: Passive recruitment strategies included advertisement in local and senior newspapers, in senior e-mail newsletters and listservs, in local community centers and businesses. Active strategies included meeting seniors at health fairs, lectures to the public and organizational meetings, and the help of trusted professionals in the community.

RESULTS: A total of 100 white and 20 African American seniors were recruited. The program seemed to have the most appeal to white, middle-class older adults, educated through high school level. Advertisement failed to attract any participants to the program. Successful strategies included interaction with seniors at health fairs and lectures on health care, especially when the program was endorsed by a trusted community professional.

CONCLUSION: Generating interest in the self-management program required keen communication skills because the idea of "self-management" was met with a myriad of responses, ranging from disinterest to disbelief. Generating interest also required active participation within the communities. Initial contacts had to be established with trusted professionals, whose endorsement enabled the project managers to present the concept of self-management to the seniors. More complex recruitment strategies were required for this study involving the self-management approach to back pain than for studies involving treatment.

Click on the above link for the PubMed record for this article; full text by subscription. The abstract is reproduced here with the permission of the publisher.

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