Data Sources: The Library of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, Macquarie University Library, American and Australian state parliamentary and legislative web sites, relevant professional association web sites, World Federation of Chiropractic web site, Federation of Chiropractic Licensing Boards and MEDLINE databases were used.
Conclusion: Many authorities agree that there is a need to protect the public from untrained manipulators. In recent years the NSW Department of Health, after public submissions and research, determined that the risk to the public of untrained manipulators was such that it overrode the anticompetitive aspects of federal legislation. There are several possible approaches to protecting the public from untrained spinal manipulators, and to protect the professions by restricting the use of certain professional titles to practitioners who meet certain regulatory requirements in Australian jurisdictions at an appropriate level of training and education.
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