OBJECTIVE: To study the forces generated by male and female chiropractors as they deliver spinal manipulation to the thoracic spine.
METHODS: Fourteen male and 14 female experience-matched chiropractors participated in this study. They each manipulated 1 of 9 asymptomatic male adult subjects of similar height and weight. The clinicians were asked to manipulate a transverse process in the vicinity of T4 and T9. Any technique could be used as long as the treatment thrust was in a posterior to anterior direction and the hand contact fit onto the sensor pad (area = 100 cm2).
RESULTS: There were no significant differences (P<.05) between male and female chiropractors for any measurements in the upper thoracic area. For the lower thoracic manipulations, the preload forces for the male chiropractors were significantly greater (P<.05) than those for the female chiropractors. The remaining variables were the same between the 2 groups.
CONCLUSIONS: Female chiropractors produce, from a mechanical point of view, similar manual treatments as their male colleagues.
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