Index to Chiropractic Literature
Index to Chiropractic Literature
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ID 15732
  Title The minimum energy hypothesis: A unified model of fixation resolution
URL http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11896378?report=abstract
Journal J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2002 Feb;25(2):105-110
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Subject(s)
Peer Review Yes
Publication Type Article
Abstract/Notes
HYPOTHESIS: A unified theory of manipulative effectiveness is proposed that integrates the fixation and sensory tonus models of manipulation. The theory is based on the fact that the spine will assume a position of minimum internal energy when mechanical equilibrium is achieved. By using a simple mathematical model, it is shown that the fixation model and the sensory tonus models are 2 different aspects of the same theoretical construct. The Minimum Energy Hypothesis predicts that the spine will seek an optimal minimum energy configuration if the constraints preventing it from doing so are removed. Constraints are hypothesized to be joint fixations caused by inflammation in and about the spine and its sequella, muscle spasm, fibroadipose and scar tissue, and ultimately, degeneration. It is further hypothesized that the use of a computerized mechanical manipulative device may resolve such fixations, an example of which is radiographically demonstrable cervical hypolordosis.
 
CONCLUSION: A unified theory of manipulative effectiveness based on the concept of minimum energy to attain mechanical equilibrium is brought forward to explain the results of initial investigations.
 
This abstract is reproduced with the permission of the publisher. Full text is available by subscription.

 

 

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